USAID Biodiversity Collection
Biodiversity Annual Reports
SCAPES: Sustainable Conservation Approaches in Priority Ecosystems: 2010-2014
SCAPES partners implement nine transboundary, landscape-scale conservation activities in 19 countries. In varying degrees, each uses policy tools, community engagement, and private sector partners and approaches to reduce threats to priority ecosystems and enhance ecological connectivity across large landscapes.
Use the hyperlinks below to learn more about each activity. To list activities by partner, visit the individual partner pages.
- Beyond Fences” in Southern Africa (Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe)
- Ruvuma Landscape (Mozambique and Tanzania)
- Kazungula Heartland (Zambia, Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe)
- Kilimanjaro Heartland (Kenya and Tanzania)
- Eastern Cordillera Real (Colombia, Ecuador and Peru)
- Greater Madidi-Tambopata Landscape (Bolivia and Peru)
- Daurian Steppe (Mongolia, Russia and China)
- Sacred Himalaya Landscape (India and Nepal)
- Ustyurt Plateau (Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan)
SCAPES is the flagship program of USAID’s Biodiversity Team, and as such plays a prominent role in driving innovation across the Agency’s biodiversity conservation portfolio, and ultimately the wider international conservation community. Predecessor programs such as the Biodiversity Support Program (BSP) and Global Conservation Program (GCP) developed best practices which have assisted many organizations to prioritize and implement conservation at the landscape and seascape scale. BSP and GCP also informed the very definition of what constitutes a “biodiversity program” at USAID. With seven organizations represented through four agreements, and field programs at nine sites in 19 countries around the world, the SCAPES partnership offers yet another excellent opportunity to tap into some of the best minds in the field of biodiversity conservation.
SCAPES has specific resources set aside for developing and documenting knowledge through various learning processes, with an overall goal of scaling-up the impact of the program through collaboration and sharing of information with external partners in the conservation and development communities. While specific topics and activities are still being developed, three approaches have emerged:
- Assessing Success Against Barriers to Conservation
At the start of the program, SCAPES conducted a “limiting factors analysis” by surveying partners on the extent to which their programs are hindered by factors such as corruption, lack of financing, or weak laws. A survey at the end of the program will determine what progress was made with regard to these barriers. In the interim, SCAPES is exploring ways to measure these social and human dimensions of conservation in a consistent and comparable manner, useful to the wider conservation community.
- SCAPES Symposia
Technical meetings of SCAPES implementing partner staff and USAID will take place every 12 to 15 months, in order to share experiences working in ecosystems and overcoming challenges which are similar across SCAPES sites. Overarching themes to explore include (a) approaches to achieving sustainability and (b) refining adaptive management. Participation by both field and headquarters personnel will strengthen the partnership overall and develop networks across sites and partners.
- Partner-Driven Learning
A select number of learning topics proposed by USAID and partners will receive dedicated USAID support through the Capitalizing Knowledge Connecting Communities (CK2C) initiative. Partner investments will be matched with technical and financial support for activities like regional workshops, literature reviews and new data collection and analysis. Technical outputs and findings from these learning initiatives will be disseminated for use by the broader international conservation and development community.
Global Conservation Program: 1999-2009
Biodiversity Support Program (BSP): 1989-2001
Biodiversity Documents by Region
- Central Africa
- East Africa
- Southern Africa
- West Africa
- Central America
- South America
- Central Asian Republics
- New Independent States
- East Asia
- Middle East
- North Africa
- Pacific Islands
- South Asia
- Southeast Asia
Biodiversity Documents by Topic
- Greater Landscape Approach, Ecosystem, Species, and Population Management
- Protected Area Management
- Multiple Use and Resource Management
- Valuation of Environmental Goods and Services
- Conservation Financing Approaches (e.g., Payment for Environmental Services, Debt for Nature Swaps, Bioprospecting)
- Biotechnology (includes Genetic Engineering / GMO and Biosafety)
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