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Food Security

The Biodiversity, Forests, Fisheries and Food Security Working Group works with the Bureau for Food Security, the Africa Bureau and the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) on key questions related to biodiversity and food security—such as the importance and role of wild fisheries, the role of forests and the protection of pollinators.

USAID Natural Resource Management and Development Portal
Women Collecting Cockles in Bweleo Village, Zanzibar. Photo by Klaus Hartung.

Despite tremendous gains in food production over the past 40 years, currently 795 million people do not have enough food to lead healthy, productive lives. That is about one in nine people on earth, according to the World Food Programme.

Food security involves many sectors and strategic approaches. Fisheries, forest products and other non-agricultural resources are critical to food security, contributing protein and micronutrients as well as income to buy food. The group's work complements Feed the Future, the U.S. Government’s global hunger and food security initiative, which focuses on improving productivity, markets and nutrition.


Linking Biodiversity Conservation and Food Security

Biodiversity underpins the ecosystem goods and services that enable sustainable development. At the American Public Health Association Annual Meeting in 2016, Dr. Anila Jacob of the USAID Biodiversity Results and Integrated Development Gains Enhanced (BRIDGE) project shared research linking biodiverse natural systems with food security and nutritional outcomes. Dr. Jacob’s findings reveal how wild foods and other contributions from healthy ecosystems—such as pollination and natural pest control—enhance food security. “This evidence further signals the importance of conserving biodiversity and integrating it with other development sectors in order to achieve long term goals,” Jacob said.

Fish, and fisheries, are critical to food security. But what action is needed? Improved protection and management of the earth’s natural environment is vital. When humans meet food security and nutritional needs through ecologically sound approaches, development objectives, such as broad-based economic growth, improved governance and climate change adaptations, are also enhanced. Identifying and supporting these synergies is at the core of the BRIDGE project's mission, aligning with both the USAID Biodiversity Policy and the new USAID Global Food Security Act.


Resources

New USAID Ecosystem-based Adaptation Evidence Summary and Case Study Series
May 17, 2019 · Blog Post

New USAID Ecosystem-based Adaptation Evidence Summary and Case Study Series

Finding ways to adapt to the effects of climate change is no longer optional for most communities — it is necessary. The question is,…

Biodiversity Integration in Practice: A Case Study of USAID in Mozambique
Oct 03, 2018 · File

Biodiversity Integration in Practice: A Case Study of USAID in Mozambique

This case study illustrates the approach and process used by USAID’s Mozambique mission to integrate its biodiversity, education, food security and nutrition, and health…

Integrating Food Security and Wild Caught Fisheries Management in USAID Programming
Sep 25, 2018 · File

Integrating Food Security and Wild Caught Fisheries Management in USAID Programming

Integrating Food Security and Wild Caught Fisheries Management in USAID Programming is an illustrative case example that demonstrates how two adaptive management programming tools—situation…

Integrating Ecosystem Values into Cost-Benefit Analysis: Recommendations for USAID and Practitioners
Aug 27, 2018 · File

Integrating Ecosystem Values into Cost-Benefit Analysis: Recommendations for USAID and Practitioners

This document provides recommendations for the incorporation of ecosystem service valuations into Agency cost-benefit analysis (CBA) across sectors, both for USAID staff that produce…

Biodiversity Integration in Practice: A Case Study of USAID in Western Honduras
Aug 01, 2018 · File

Biodiversity Integration in Practice: A Case Study of USAID in Western Honduras

This case study illustrates the approach and process used by USAID's Honduras mission to integrate its biodiversity, education, food security and nutrition, and governance…

 The Role of Wild-Caught Fisheries in African Development
Jun 08, 2018 · File

The Role of Wild-Caught Fisheries in African Development

This report on the role of wild-caught fisheries in African development focuses on small-scale fisheries in East and West Africa. The report describes the…

Understanding Biodiversity – Development Integration Efforts and Opportunities
Aug 22, 2017 · File

Understanding Biodiversity – Development Integration Efforts and Opportunities

This report presents the results of a broad review to understand how other agencies and organizations have defined and integrated biodiversity with other sectors.…

Wild-Caught Fish Are Feeding the World
Aug 03, 2017 · File

Wild-Caught Fish Are Feeding the World

This recent summary of the fisheries sector in Africa highlights four key takeaways in support of protecting wild-caught African fisheries. In Africa, millions rely…

Forests and Food Security: What’s Gender Got to Do with It?
Mar 21, 2017 · File

Forests and Food Security: What’s Gender Got to Do with It?

The gender dynamics of food security in forest dwelling communities are still not clear. However, emerging case studies and reviews of the issue parallel…

Food Security & Biodiversity
Jan 03, 2017 · File

Food Security & Biodiversity

Almost 800 million people suffer from hunger or malnutrition worldwide. Biodiverse ecosystems produce goods and services that are fundamental to food security including wild…

The Importance of Biodiversity and Natural Systems to Food Security in Tanzania
Jan 03, 2017 · File

The Importance of Biodiversity and Natural Systems to Food Security in Tanzania

Many Tanzanians face chronic food insecurity and undernutrition despite steady national economic growth. The most recent Demographic and Health Survey found that 38 percent…

Apr 19, 2016 · Event

Fish, Forks, and Food Security: The Importance of Wild Fisheries to Food and Job Security

(from Apr 20, 2016 09:30 AM to Apr 20, 2016 11:00 AM)

Wild fisheries were highlighted in a recent Ag Sector Council Seminar hosted by Agrilinks.

Fishing for Food Security: The Importance of Wild Fisheries for Food Security and Nutrition
Apr 06, 2016 · File

Fishing for Food Security: The Importance of Wild Fisheries for Food Security and Nutrition

The Importance of Wild Fisheries for Local Food Security Briefing Book explores the role of fisheries in global development, showcases case studies of USAID…

The Importance of Wild Fisheries For Local Food Security: Tanzania
Nov 11, 2015 · File

The Importance of Wild Fisheries For Local Food Security: Tanzania

Fisheries are important to Tanzania’s economy, providing income, export revenues, and about 4 million jobs (about 35% of rural employment). Fish are also important…

The Importance of Wild Fisheries For Local Food Security: Kenya
Nov 11, 2015 · File

The Importance of Wild Fisheries For Local Food Security: Kenya

Kenya’s fisheries sector includes industrial and small-scale fishers, and produces fresh and processed fish for domestic and export markets. Yet, fisheries have experienced declines…

The Importance of Wild Fisheries For Local Food Security: Malawi
Nov 11, 2015 · File

The Importance of Wild Fisheries For Local Food Security: Malawi

Fish in Malawi are significant contributors to both global biodiversity and local food security. Fish provide an estimated 28% of the country’s animal protein…

The Importance of Wild Fisheries For Local Food Security: Cambodia
Nov 11, 2015 · File

The Importance of Wild Fisheries For Local Food Security: Cambodia

Cambodia’s wild fisheries are among the most diverse and productive in the world and provide employment, income, and food security for millions of people.…

The Importance of Wild Fisheries For Local Food Security: Ghana
Nov 11, 2015 · File

The Importance of Wild Fisheries For Local Food Security: Ghana

Fish is the primary source of animal protein and livelihood for most Ghanaians, particularly those residing along the coast. Yet, poor management, overexploitation, environmental…

The Importance of Wild Fisheries For Local Food Security: Bangladesh
Nov 02, 2015 · File

The Importance of Wild Fisheries For Local Food Security: Bangladesh

The world’s largest flooded wetland, the Bengal Delta, and the three main river systems that flow from the Himalayas into the Bay of Bengal…

The Importance of Wild Fisheries For Local Food Security: Liberia
Nov 02, 2015 · File

The Importance of Wild Fisheries For Local Food Security: Liberia

Fish provide approximately 15% of the country’s animal protein supply. Per capita fish consumption in Liberia is among the lowest in the region. The…

 
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