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USAID has a long history of support for efforts to combat wildlife trafficking (CWT). These efforts are currently being prioritized due to a dramatic increase in the volume and scope of the threat in recent years and the February 9th, 2017 Executive Order on enforcing federal law with respect to transnational criminal organizations and preventing international trafficking.

Among the many strategic approaches employed by USAID to combat wildlife trafficking and outlined in the Agency's Measuring Efforts to Combat Wildlife Crime Toolkit, USAID’s Forestry and Biodiversity Office chose three for special attention for the CWT Learning Group based on their frequency in USAID programming: (a) reducing consumer demand through behavior change methodologies, (b) building capacity for effective enforcement and prosecution, and (c) increasing community conservation action and support to combat wildlife trafficking. These three strategic approaches are defined by development hypotheses (theories of change), as well as a combined hypothesis that, if implemented, these strategic approaches will increase the risks for wildlife criminals and reduce profits from wildlife trafficking, which will then reduce overall wildlife crime, leading to improved conservation results.

While used across many countries, there is often little supporting information available to practitioners regarding the effectiveness of these approaches or the validity of key assumptions. As USAID begins or ramps up efforts, there is an important opportunity for this Learning Group to support cross-mission collaboration to capitalize on previous experiences, share the latest information, and build the evidence base for these approaches.

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Wildlife Friendly Enterprise Network Webinar Presentation
Mar 23, 2020 · File

Wildlife Friendly Enterprise Network Webinar Presentation

On March 18, E3/FAB and Measuring Impact II hosted the first joint webinar of the Conservation Enterprise and Combating Wildlife Trafficking Learning Groups with…

Webinar: Wildlife Friendly Enterprise Network
Mar 23, 2020 · Video

Webinar: Wildlife Friendly Enterprise Network

Julie Stein, Executive Director and Co-Founder of the Wildlife Friendly Enterprise Network, joined the Collaborative Learning Groups to discuss her work to reduce human-wildlife…

Combating Wildlife Trafficking Learning Exchange: Meeting Report
Feb 20, 2020 · File

Combating Wildlife Trafficking Learning Exchange: Meeting Report

In November 2019, USAID hosted a regional CWT learning exchange in Bangkok, Thailand. The exchange provided opportunities for sharing and discussing CWT activities while…

Combating Wildlife Trafficking Learning Exchange: Demand Reduction Posters
Jan 26, 2020 · File

Combating Wildlife Trafficking Learning Exchange: Demand Reduction Posters

In November 2019, USAID hosted a regional CWT learning exchange in Bangkok, Thailand. The exchange featured poster presentations on demand reduction campaigns from USAID…

Digital Approaches to Demand Reduction: Recent Results from the Field Presentation
Oct 01, 2019 · File

Digital Approaches to Demand Reduction: Recent Results from the Field Presentation

In September 2019, the CWT Learning Group and the World Bank’s Global Wildlife Program co-hosted a webinar to share the recent results from demand…

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