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USAID has a long history of support for efforts to combat wildlife trafficking (CWT). These efforts are currently being prioritized due to a dramatic increase in the volume and scope of the threat in recent years and the February 9th, 2017 Executive Order on enforcing federal law with respect to transnational criminal organizations and preventing international trafficking.

Among the many strategic approaches employed by USAID to combat wildlife trafficking and outlined in the Agency's Measuring Efforts to Combat Wildlife Crime Toolkit, USAID’s Forestry and Biodiversity Office chose three for special attention for the CWT Learning Group based on their frequency in USAID programming: (a) reducing consumer demand through behavior change methodologies, (b) building capacity for effective enforcement and prosecution, and (c) increasing community conservation action and support to combat wildlife trafficking. These three strategic approaches are defined by development hypotheses (theories of change), as well as a combined hypothesis that, if implemented, these strategic approaches will increase the risks for wildlife criminals and reduce profits from wildlife trafficking, which will then reduce overall wildlife crime, leading to improved conservation results.

While used across many countries, there is often little supporting information available to practitioners regarding the effectiveness of these approaches or the validity of key assumptions. As USAID begins or ramps up efforts, there is an important opportunity for this Learning Group to support cross-mission collaboration to capitalize on previous experiences, share the latest information, and build the evidence base for these approaches.

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CWT Digital Deterrence Campaign In Thailand Presentation
May 29, 2019 · File

CWT Digital Deterrence Campaign In Thailand Presentation

USAID’s Wildlife Asia activity helps reduce consumer demand for wildlife products by communicating, mobilizing and advocating ways to change practices and build new social…

Webinar: CWT Digital Deterrence Campaign In Thailand
May 24, 2019 · Video

Webinar: CWT Digital Deterrence Campaign In Thailand

Surging demand, high prices and lucrative profits from wildlife products are driving the drastic decline in species such as elephants, rhinos, tigers and pangolins.

David Wilkie on Community Engagement in Wildlife Crime
Sep 17, 2018 · Video

David Wilkie on Community Engagement in Wildlife Crime

Dr. David Wilkie summarizes the main findings from a study on the risks and rewards of engaging communities in anti-poaching and trafficking efforts.

CWT Case Compilation Webinar with Mark Ssemakula and Kurt Duchez
Jul 11, 2018 · Video

CWT Case Compilation Webinar with Mark Ssemakula and Kurt Duchez

In May 2018, E3/FAB released the CWT Case Compilation on enforcement and capacity building. In this webinar recorded on July 10th, 2018, two of…

How Does Developing Enforcement Capacity Reduce Wildlife Crime?
Jun 08, 2018 · File

How Does Developing Enforcement Capacity Reduce Wildlife Crime?

"How Does Developing Enforcement Capacity Reduce Wildlife Crime?" summarizes findings from the literature around four key assumptions about capacity building for enforcement and prosecution.…

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