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USAID has a long history of support for efforts to combat wildlife trafficking (CWT). These efforts are currently being prioritized due to a dramatic increase in the volume and scope of the threat in recent years and the February 9th, 2017 Executive Order on enforcing federal law with respect to transnational criminal organizations and preventing international trafficking.

Among the many strategic approaches employed by USAID to combat wildlife trafficking and outlined in the Agency's Measuring Efforts to Combat Wildlife Crime Toolkit, USAID’s Forestry and Biodiversity Office chose three for special attention for the CWT Learning Group based on their frequency in USAID programming: (a) reducing consumer demand through behavior change methodologies, (b) building capacity for effective enforcement and prosecution, and (c) increasing community conservation action and support to combat wildlife trafficking. These three strategic approaches are defined by development hypotheses (theories of change), as well as a combined hypothesis that, if implemented, these strategic approaches will increase the risks for wildlife criminals and reduce profits from wildlife trafficking, which will then reduce overall wildlife crime, leading to improved conservation results.

While used across many countries, there is often little supporting information available to practitioners regarding the effectiveness of these approaches or the validity of key assumptions. As USAID begins or ramps up efforts, there is an important opportunity for this Learning Group to support cross-mission collaboration to capitalize on previous experiences, share the latest information, and build the evidence base for these approaches.

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What’s Happening

Digital Approaches to Demand Reduction: Recent Results from the Field Presentation
Oct 01, 2019 · File

Digital Approaches to Demand Reduction: Recent Results from the Field Presentation

In September 2019, the CWT Learning Group and the World Bank’s Global Wildlife Program co-hosted a webinar to share the recent results from demand…

Webinar: Digital Approaches to Demand Reduction: Recent Results from the Field
Oct 01, 2019 · Video

Webinar: Digital Approaches to Demand Reduction: Recent Results from the Field

In September 2019, the CWT Learning Group and the World Bank’s Global Wildlife Program co-hosted a webinar to share the recent results from demand…

Conservation and Law Enforcement in Gorongosa and Niassa: A Study of the Criminal Justice Process for Wildlife Crime, from Apprehension to Incarceration
Sep 13, 2019 · File

Conservation and Law Enforcement in Gorongosa and Niassa: A Study of the Criminal Justice Process for Wildlife Crime, from Apprehension to Incarceration

In July 2019, USAID/Mozambique released a comprehensive study of the wildlife criminal justice process in Mozambique and identified key areas for improvement. Successful enforcement…

Law Enforcement and Prosecution of Wildlife Crime in Mozambique Presentation
Jun 07, 2019 · File

Law Enforcement and Prosecution of Wildlife Crime in Mozambique Presentation

USAID’s Supporting the Policy Environment for Economic Development (SPEED+) program seeks to to improve the judiciary system’s capacity to successfully prosecute and adjudicate wildlife…

Webinar: Building Capacity for Law Enforcement and Prosecution of Wildlife Crime Experience From Mozambique
Jun 07, 2019 · Video

Webinar: Building Capacity for Law Enforcement and Prosecution of Wildlife Crime Experience From Mozambique

USAID’s SPEED+ program seeks to to improve the Mozambique's capacity to prosecute and adjudicate wildlife criminals.

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