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Lessons on Community Enterprise Interventions for Landscape/Seascape Level Conservation: Seven Case Studies from the Global Conservation Program

Lessons on Community Enterprise Interventions for Landscape/Seascape Level Conservation: Seven Case Studies from the Global Conservation Program
by Sue Hoye last modified Sep 05, 2019 11:42 PM
Contributors: USAID, EnterpriseWorks/VITA

Author(s): USAID , EnterpriseWorks/VITA

Publication Date: 2009

Location: Africa: Kenya, Tanzania. Latin America: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico. Asia: Indonesia, Nepal.

Download File from Portal: Pnadp068.pdf — PDF document, 1,938 kB (1,985,242 bytes)

Key points in document

  • This report synthesizes findings from the Global Conservation Program, which included seven different landscape or seascape projects implemented by six NGOs in eight countries.
  • Three learning themes were addressed in the review of the seven case studies: (1) How has using a threats-based approach influenced engagement with community enterprise interventions? (2) How has the shift in scale to landscape/seascape level conservation influenced choices in enterprise development? (3) How has the Global Conservation Program leveraged partnerships and cross-sectoral relationships to achieve livelihood/economic outcomes that support conservation at a landscape/seascape level?
  • The report provides lessons on building the following enabling conditions: diversification of livelihoods, equitable benefit sharing, established resource rights, supportive policies and legal frameworks, and both local and national business alliances and partnerships.
  • The report provides detailed examples drawn from the diverse set of case studies of the lessons learned around each of these enabling conditions.
  • This review was developed by USAID’s Sustainable Coastal Communities and Ecosystems (SUCCESS) project, implemented between 2004 and 2008.

Information relevant to Learning Questions:

Are enabling conditions in place to support a sustainable enterprise?

  • Stakeholder alignment, diversification
  • Market demand, profit potential, access to credit/capital
  • Ownership, governance
  • Government requirements, policies for enterprises, business alliances
  • Financial management capacity, technical capacity
  • Equipment, infrastructure
  • Benefit sharing, targeted participants, combined strategic approaches, biodiversity linkage, policies for and enforcement of resource use, planning for external disturbance

Does the enterprise lead to benefits to stakeholders?

  • Increased income for participants

Do the benefits lead to positive changes in attitudes and behavior?

  • Attitudes regarding sustainable use of resources
  • Behaviors regarding sustainable use of resources

Does a change in stakeholders’ behaviors lead to a reduction to threats to biodiversity (or restoration)?

  • Agriculture and aquaculture
  • Energy production and mining
  • Biological resource use
  • Human intrusions and disturbance
  • Climate change and severe weather

Does a reduction in threats (or restoration) lead to conservation?

  • Forest ecosystems
  • Freshwater ecosystems
  • Grassland ecosystems
  • Marine ecosystems
  • Species

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