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CITES Implementation and Enforcement Training

Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) Implementation and CITES Enforcement Training for Management Authority (Scientific and Permit Management) and Customs Officers (Enforcement Authorities) from West African Region (Francophone) Nations: Cabo Verde, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin and Nigeria.

Coordinated Customized Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) Implementation and CITES Enforcement Training for Management Authority (Scientific and Permit Management) and Customs (Enforcement Authorities) authorities from West African Region (Francophone) Nations: Cabo Verde, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin and Nigeria.   Training centered on CITES identification and enforcement with special emphasis on shark fin identification and the illicit shark fin trade.    In support of this and future enforcement trainings in the West Africa Region, US Fish and Wildlife Service Office of Law Enforcement also donated various CITES wildlife trade items, including various species of shark fins, to assist in the identification of illicit wildlife specimens in the trade and law enforcement training exercises.    The CITES Wildlife Training Kit (exemplars of seized illicit wildlife items such as: crocodile and other CITES reptile leather items, shark products, sea turtle shell and coral jewelry, leopard and other spotted cat pelts, whale products, elephant ivory carvings, etc.) will remain in the custody of Senegal CITES Management Authority for use in future enforcement training sessions and for identification purposes.    Additional capacity building sessions are planned in the Region (Additional customs officers and English speaking West Africa nations) where FWS Wildlife Inspectors, Special Agents and other CITES Management Authority personnel will participate/coordinate training sessions and utilize the CITES Wildlife Training Kit.

Overview of the Shark Identification and CITES Implementation Workshop to Implement the Dakar Action Plan

 

Background:

 

13 West African countries (Cabo Verde, The Gambia, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin and Nigeria) adopted the Action Plan for the implementation of the shark and ray listings under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in August 2014 during a regional workshop held in Dakar, Senegal. At the conclusion of the workshop, Sierra Leone and Senegal were elected to promote its implementation regionally.

 

The Action Plan lays out priorities for the implementation of the CITES sharks and rays listings in the West Africa sub-region and identifies the actions most urgently needed to increase regional protection of shark and rays species in international trade threatened by overexploitation. Priorities identified include, inter alia:

  • the need for additional training for relevant national authorities focusing on applicable CITES requirements and on the identification of CITES-listed shark and ray species,
  • the need for stronger regional enforcement, cooperation, and coordination relative to the implementation of the CITES shark and ray listings

 

Objectives:

 

Two workshops will be organized between signatories of the Dakar Action Plan, one for English-speaking countries and one for French speaking countries. These workshops will allow participating countries to implement some of the actions identified in the Action Plan as necessary for the efficient implementation of the CITES shark and ray species listings in West Africa.

 

Each workshop will therefore have the following two complementary objectives:

  • strengthen the capacity of signatories to enforce the CITES shark and rays listings through training on CITES requirements and the identification of CITES-listed shark and ray species
  • strengthen the capacity of signatories to collaborate nationally and internationally with one another to successfully enforce the CITES shark and ray listings

 

Proposed host country for the French-speaking workshop: Senegal (with Togo as a possible co-Chair – to be confirmed)

 

Invited participants: representatives from the CITES authorities, customs authorities and fisheries ministries in Benin, Cabo Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Senegal, Togo and Gabon[1]

 

Location, duration and date: 29, 30 November – 1 December 2016 in Dakar, Senegal

Training team:

 

The workshop will include representatives from:

  • the U.S. government (NOAA and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) Office of Law Enforcement Special Agent and Wildlife Inspector)
  • the Commission Sous-Régionale des Pêches (CSRP)
  • the CITES scientific and management authorities of Senegal
  • an expert customs trainer (Mr. Charles Mackay, MBE, Director of MK Wildlife Consultancy who was the head of the CITES team for the UK Border Agency for 20 years and has extensive CITES training experience).

 

The organization Born Free USA will provide logistical support to workshop organizers as necessary.

 

Training program and structure:

 

Details on the proposed training program are included in the draft agenda proposed in Annex of this document.

 

The workshop will include plenary discussions and work within two different working groups, one for customs representatives and one for representatives of CITES management authorities / fisheries ministries. This approach will allow targeted training and coordinated discussions on increasing collaboration between the various authorities and will build on previous training done in the region.

 

____________________________

Annex 1. Proposed draft agenda for the Senegal workshop

 

Day one

Plenary

8.30am

Registration

 

9.00am

Welcome Remarks

Government of Senegal

Opening Remarks by co-chair

Togo (to be confirmed)

Remarks by partners

Government of the United States

CSRP

ECOWAS

Welcome address by Minister

Government of Senegal

10.00 am

Photo session – Break

 

10.45 am

Introduction of workshop participants

Senegal

11.00 am

Introduction / adoption of the agenda and working program

Togo

11.15 am

Information about CITES listed shark and ray species, overview of shark trade and value of trade in West Africa and globally

 

Presentation of the Dakar Action Plan (priority needs of the region for CITES enforcement) and group discussion about progress / remaining challenges

CSRP, Senegal

12.30 pm

Lunch

 

 

Working Group 1: Customs authorities

 

Working Group 2: CITES and fisheries authorities

 

2.00 pm

Introduction to the CITES requirements /introduction to the CITES website

UK trainer and US officer

In-depth information about sharks non-detriment findings

FWS

2.30 pm

Information on how to read the CITES Appendices and practical exercises.

 

UK trainer

In-depth information about sharks non-detriment findings

FWS

3.30 pm

Break

 

Break

 

4 pm

An overview of customs’ role in law enforcement: information on illegal trade and its importance,  the role of customs to stop this trade, the methods used, the problems encountered

UK trainer

In-depth information about sharks non-detriment findings with practical exercises

FWS (open floor discussion)

5.00 pm

Continued.

 

Wrap-up/Discussion and Recommendations

Senegal

5.30 pm

Welcome reception by the host government and donors

6.30 pm

Evening at leisure

Day two

 

Working Group 1: Customs authorities

 

Working Group 2: CITES and fishing authorities

 

9.00 am

Information on documentation

and fraud (examples of false CITES permits, shipment documentation, etc.) and practical exercises

FWS officer

Improving data collection and monitoring / Establishing monitoring measures for shark products in trade

 

Making legal acquisition finding

NOAA (show ICAAT example)

10.30 am

Break

 

 

 

11.00 am

Train the trainer training focused on information on methods of identification of CITES-listed species in trade / practical exercises on the identification of CITES-listed specimens based on the manipulation of samples of confiscated specimens

UK trainer / FWS officer

Introduction to shark identification resources and train the trainer training on shark identification techniques / practical exercises based on the manipulation of shark fins

CSRP

(Mika Diop)

12.30 pm

Lunch

 

Lunch

 

2.00 pm

Introduction to shark identification resources and train the trainer training on shark identification techniques / practical exercises based on the manipulation of shark fins

CSRP

(Mika Diop)

Train the trainer training focused on information on methods of identification of CITES-listed species in trade / practical exercises on the identification of CITES-listed specimens based on the manipulation of samples of confiscated specimens

UK trainer / FWS officer

3.30pm

break

 

 

 

4.00 pm

Roundtable on difficulties encountered in the field for customs / needs assessment to convey to CITES and  fishing authorities

UK trainer / FWS officer

Roundtable on definition of measures for stronger collaboration between CITES/fisheries authorities in the region and with customs authorities

Togo

5.00 pm

Wrap-up/Discussion and Recommendations

Senegal

Wrap-up/Discussion and Recommendations

Togo

5.30 pm

Meeting ends – evening at leisure

Day three

Plenary

9.00 am

CITES authorities and customs present list of recommendations resulting from their group discussions

Togo

9.30 am

Roundtable on definition of measures for stronger collaboration between CITES/fisheries authorities and customs authorities

Senegal

10.30 am

Break

 

11.00 am

Introduction to sub-regional marine/conservation/economic forums and their potential role in supporting CITES enforcement

CSRP /ECOWAS

11.30 am

Roundtable on measures necessary to facilitate stronger subregional collaboration on CITES enforcement – next steps for collaboration

Senegal

12.30 pm

Lunch

 

2 pm

Overview of meeting’s conclusions and review of progress made towards/pending priorities for the implementation of the Dakar Action Plan

Togo

3.30 pm

Break

 

4.00 pm

Finalization/adoption of meeting communiqué

Senegal

5.30 pm

Meeting finishes – evening at leisure

 

 



[1] Note that Gabon is not a current signatory of the Dakar Action Plan but would be invited to join this initiative through strengthened collaboration on the enforcement of the shark listings

CITES Implementation and Enforcement Training
Image credit: US FWS
Timeframe: Nov. 29, 2016 -
Project Status: Ongoing
Contact: Bryan Landry
Email: Log in to view
Thematic Focus: Enforcement
Geographic Areas: West Africa
Activity Type: Event
 
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