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Thematic Focus Areas

by Portal Web Editor last modified Jun 30, 2016 11:23 AM
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The Recommendation 6 WG analyzed the underlying drivers of IUU fishing to identify thematic priorities for capacity building.  Through consultations the WG developed a conceptual model, which depicts an understanding of the relationships between factors that influence these fishing practices.  The model also identifies leverage points for effecting change, which are the basis for the thematic categories applied to the capacity building activities in this inventory.  These thematic categories are:

  • Industry and Market Incentives: There are a variety of potential regulatory, economic, social, and technological incentives that can facilitate greater initiative across various sectors of the industry in promoting legality, ecological sustainability, and decent working conditions.  These may include: government policies and regulations, demonstrations of reduced business costs or reputational risks, certification programs or protocols aimed at influencing purchasing decisions, use of technological innovations that reduce the cost of electronic traceability, and investment arrangements that enable or reward sustainable practices.
  • Transparency: Efforts to combat IUU fishing and strengthen fisheries governance have been inhibited by a lack of transparency around fishing activities.  Accessible and reliable information on fishing vessels, labor conditions, catch, management arrangements, enforcement actions, and supply chains are critical for informed business decisions, sustainable management, and effective enforcement.
  • Governance and Management: High demand for seafood in the absence of adequate governance and management is driving fishery resource depletion and IUU fishing.  Good governance arrangements engage fishers in establishing resource use rules that are consistent with ecosystem productivity and enable on-going sustainable use.  They promote compliance with fisheries rules, by establishing incentives for compliance and meaningful sanctions to deter rule-breaking.  These governance arrangements are underpinned by good science and information on fisheries resources; laws and policies that provide clear access rules and management authorities; effective engagement by government, non-governmental, industry, and community stakeholders; and adequate legal authorities and sustained funding for fisheries management and enforcement activities.
  • EnforcementEffective monitoring, control, and surveillance (MCS) of fishing activities that results in detection and sanctioning of IUU fishing activities and its products, is an essential component for deterring IUU fishing and promoting legal, sustainable harvests.  MCS at sea and dockside, and the successful prosecution of fishery cases requires a range of capabilities related to intelligence-gathering, maritime domain awareness, coordinating across government agencies and national borders, and adequate resources, including trained enforcement personnel and prosecutors.  It also requires a legal framework that establishes meaningful sanctions for those who have engaged in IUU fishing and deters those who would engage in such activities.
  • Fostering Constituencies and Political WillStrong interest and engagement in addressing IUU fishing and strengthening fisheries governance among multiple stakeholders – including civil society stakeholders, industry, and government – is an important enabler of other capacity building activities. Political will at high levels of government is critical if capacity building interventions are to be successful at improving a country’s fisheries governance and enforcement capacities. The presence of genuine constituencies that are aware of, and maintain a stake in, addressing IUU fishing and sustainable fisheries management are necessary for collaborative approaches to addressing these issues and help to foster the necessary political will for government actions.


Geographic Regions

Please note the following geographies when searching for capacity building activities.

  • Eastern Africa: Burundi, Comoros, Dijibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  • Southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland
  • Western Africa: Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Cote d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Saint Helena, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
  • Northern Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara
  • North America: Canada, Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, United States
  • Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama
  • Caribbean: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Bonaire, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Curacao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, Saint-Barthélemy, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands
  • South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela
  • Pacific Islands: Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, N. Mariana Islands, Palau, American Samoa, Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Niue, Pitcairn, Samoa, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • East Asia: China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Japan, Mongolia, Republic of Korea
  • South Asia: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
  • Southeast Asia: Brunei Darussalam, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Vietnam
  • West Asia: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
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