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Climate-smart landscapes- opportunities and challenges for integrating adaptation and mitigation in tropical agriculture

 Climate-smart landscapes- opportunities and challenges for integrating adaptation and mitigation in tropical agriculture
by Moffatt Ngugi last modified May 29, 2014 05:40 PM
Contributors: Celia A. Harvey1 , Mario Chaco´ n1, Camila I. Donatti1, Eva Garen1,2, Lee Hannah1, Angela Andrade3,, Lucio Bede4, Douglas Brown5, Alicia Calle2, Julian Chara´ 6, Christopher Clement7,8, Elizabeth Gray9,, Minh Ha Hoang10, Peter Minang10, AnaMar´ıa Rodr´ıguez1, Christina Seeberg-Elverfeldt11,12, Bambi Semroc13,, Seth Shames14, Sean Smukler15, Eduardo Somarriba16, Emmanuel Torquebiau17, Jacob van Etten18,, & Eva Wollenberg7,8, 1 The Betty and Gordon Moore Center for Science and Oceans, Conservation International, 2011 Crystal Drive Suite 500, Arlington, VA 22202, USA, 2 The Environmental Leadership & Training Initiative (ELTI), Yale University, 195 Prospect St., New Haven, CT 06511, USA, 3 Conservation International—Colombia, Colombia Carrera 13 No. 71–41 Bogota´ , Colombia, 4 Conservation International—Brazil, R. Tenente Renato Ce´ sar 78, 30380–110 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil, 5 World Vision International, 1 World Drive, Mississuaga, Ontario L5T 2Y4, Canada, 6 Centre for Research on Sustainable Agricultural Production Systems (CIPAV), Carrera 25 No 6–62, Cali, Colombia, 7 University of Vermont Gund Institute, 617 Main Street, Burlington, VT 05405, USA, 8 Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Research Program (CCAFS), CGIAR 62, Cali, Colombia, 9 Africa Program, The Nature Conservancy, 1917 First Avenue, Seattle, WA 98101, USA, 10 World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), P.O. Box 30677, GPO 00100, Nairobi, Kenya, 11 FAO, Climate, Energy and Tenure Division (NRC), Viale delle Terme di Carcalla, Rome 00153, Italy, 12 Federal German Ministry of Economic Development and Cooperation (BMZ), Dahlmannstrasse 4, Bonn 53113, Germany, 13 The Center for Environmental Leadership in Business (CELB), Conservation International, 2011 Crystal Drive Suite 500, Arlington, VA 22202, USA, 14 EcoAgriculture Partners, 1100 17th St. NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20036, USA, 15 Faculty of Land and Food Systems, The University of British Columbia, MCML 123, 2357 Main Mall Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada, 16 CATIE, The Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center, Apdo 7170, Turrialba, Costa Rica, 17 French Agricultural Research Center for International Development (CIRAD), UR 102, Avenue Agropolis,

Addressing the global challenges of climate change, food security, and poverty alleviation requires enhancing the adaptive capacity and mitigation potential of agricultural landscapes across the tropics. However, adaptation and mitigation activities tend to be approached separately due to a variety of technical, political, financial, and socioeconomic constraints. Here, we demonstrate that many tropical agricultural systems can provide both mitigation and adaptation benefits if they are designed and managed appropriately and if the larger landscape context is considered. Many of the activities needed for adaptation and mitigation in tropical agricultural landscapes are the same needed for sustainable agriculture more generally, but thinking at the landscape scale opens a new dimension for achieving synergies. Intentional integration of adaptation and mitigation activities in agricultural landscapes offers significant benefits that go beyond the scope of climate change to food security, biodiversity conservation, and poverty alleviation. However, achieving these objectives will require transformative changes in current policies, institutional arrangements, and funding mechanisms to foster broad-scale adoption of climate-smart approaches in agricultural landscapes.

Author(s): Celia A. Harvey1 , Mario Chaco´ n1, Camila I. Donatti1, Eva Garen1,2, Lee Hannah1, Angela Andrade3, , Lucio Bede4, Douglas Brown5, Alicia Calle2, Julian Chara´ 6, Christopher Clement7,8, Elizabeth Gray9, , Minh Ha Hoang10, Peter Minang10, AnaMar´ıa Rodr´ıguez1, Christina Seeberg-Elverfeldt11,12, Bambi Semroc13, , Seth Shames14, Sean Smukler15, Eduardo Somarriba16, Emmanuel Torquebiau17, Jacob van Etten18, , & Eva Wollenberg7,8 , 1 The Betty and Gordon Moore Center for Science and Oceans, Conservation International, 2011 Crystal Drive Suite 500, Arlington, VA 22202, USA , 2 The Environmental Leadership & Training Initiative (ELTI), Yale University, 195 Prospect St., New Haven, CT 06511, USA , 3 Conservation International—Colombia, Colombia Carrera 13 No. 71–41 Bogota´ , Colombia , 4 Conservation International—Brazil, R. Tenente Renato Ce´ sar 78, 30380–110 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil , 5 World Vision International, 1 World Drive, Mississuaga, Ontario L5T 2Y4, Canada , 6 Centre for Research on Sustainable Agricultural Production Systems (CIPAV), Carrera 25 No 6–62, Cali, Colombia , 7 University of Vermont Gund Institute, 617 Main Street, Burlington, VT 05405, USA , 8 Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Research Program (CCAFS), CGIAR 62, Cali, Colombia , 9 Africa Program, The Nature Conservancy, 1917 First Avenue, Seattle, WA 98101, USA , 10 World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), P.O. Box 30677, GPO 00100, Nairobi, Kenya , 11 FAO, Climate, Energy and Tenure Division (NRC), Viale delle Terme di Carcalla, Rome 00153, Italy , 12 Federal German Ministry of Economic Development and Cooperation (BMZ), Dahlmannstrasse 4, Bonn 53113, Germany , 13 The Center for Environmental Leadership in Business (CELB), Conservation International, 2011 Crystal Drive Suite 500, Arlington, VA 22202, USA , 14 EcoAgriculture Partners, 1100 17th St. NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20036, USA , 15 Faculty of Land and Food Systems, The University of British Columbia, MCML 123, 2357 Main Mall Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada , 16 CATIE, The Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center, Apdo 7170, Turrialba, Costa Rica , 17 French Agricultural Research Center for International Development (CIRAD), UR 102, Avenue Agropolis,

Publication Date: 2013

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