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Smartfolder for Amazon Basin Conservation Information and Deforestation

by Rose Hessmiller last modified Jan 10, 2013 08:45 AM
Smartfolder for Amazon Basin Conservation Information (deforestation)
File Maximum Yield?: Sustainable Agriculture as a Tool for Conservation by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:05 PM
By R. Margoluis, V. Russell, M. Gonzalez, O. Rojas, J. Magdaleno, G. Madrid, and D. Kaimowitz, © 2001 Biodiversity Support Program (BSP) In the 1980's, sustainable agriculture gained popularity among international conservation organizations as a tool for project managers to combat deforestation and thus reach conservation goals. The research presented here found that sustainable agriculture decreases deforestation only under certain conditions but that it serves as an important mechanism to decrease other threats to biodiversity, such as fire.
File USAID Biodiversity Guide for Staff & Partners by webadmin — last modified Feb 05, 2013 03:18 AM
The goal of this Guide is to provide USAID staff and partners with basic information about designing, managing, and implementing biodiversity conservation programs or activities. What do you need to know, as a USAID manager, to design, implement, manage, and evaluate a biodiversity conservation program or activity? What are the critical elements of success for biodiversity programs and activities? How can activities be designed that will simultaneously meet USAID administrative and legal requirements while ensuring that development goals are addressed using best conservation practice and approaches? The Guide is intended for a broad audience including USAID mission and Washington staff, implementing partners, and multiple stakeholders within and across sectors.
File Nonfarm employment in small-scale forest-based enterprises: Policy and environmental issues by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:07 PM
KEYWORD: Community-based Natural Forest Management, World. Community-based Natural Forest Management, Africa. Community-based Natural Forest Management, Asia. Community-based Natural Forest Management, Central America. Community-based Natural Forest Management, South America, forest enterprises, income diversification, logging, market pressures, non-timber forest products, small enterprise, conservation, land use, policy, property rights, lessons learned, literature review. SUMMARY: This paper examines available literature on small forest-based enterprises to draw some conclusions on how these enterprises function, grow and change over time. Small forest-based enterprise activities are one of the largest sources of non-farm income in the rural economy of developing countries. They also account for a large part of the total harvest from forests in many areas. Income from these activities is particularly important during seasonal shortfalls in food and cash crop income and in periods of drought or other emergencies. Ease of access to forest raw materials means that forest-based activities are particularly important for the poor and for women. However, most of these activities provide very low returns to labor and may thus; provide only minimal and short-lived livelihood contributions. Some of the most important saleable forest products face uncertain markets because of growing competition from industrial or synthetic alternatives or domesticated sources of the materials. As demand grows, some activities are also threatened by depletion of or reduced access to forest resources.The author suggests that, in developing policies to support sustainable activities, it is important to distinguish between those activities that have the potential to expand and those that do not. Policy issues to consider include regulations that discriminate against the informal sector, policies that result in the shift from communally managed to uncontrolled open access of forest resources, and restrictions on private production and sale of forest products that impede the development of domesticating forest products.
File Forest charges and trusts: Shared benefits with a clearer definition of responsibilities by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:07 PM
Forest charges and trusts: Shared benefits with a clearer definition of responsibilities
File Guatemala: Assessment and analysis of progress towrd SO5 goals in the Maya Biosphere Reserve by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:08 PM
KEYWORD: Community-based Natural Forest Management, Central America. Central America, Guatemala, community forestry, forest enterprises, sustainable agriculture, sustainable forestry, biodiversity, buffer zone, conservation, protected areas, forest concession, institutions, land tenure, NGO, policy, population growth, evaluation, project report. SUMMARY: In 2000, specialists from Chemonics International assessed SO5 activities to provide USAID/Guatemala with recommendations for a new program strategy and framework for assessing results of project efforts. Another team from International Resources Group, through the EPIQ IQC, conducted a separate assessment of Guatemala's environmental policy and protected areas system. The resulting complementary analyses were coordinated and posted together in this document. Project achievements include the establishment of the Maya Biosphere Reserve (MBR), reduced deforestation within MBR, strengthened coalitions between government and NGOs, initiation of NGOs, and establishment of forest concessions. Forests in the multiple-use zone remain intact and are producing benefits due to effective management; however, concessions do not yet act independently. Concession programs are not effectively evaluated and reported to USAID. The authors find that program implementation has been hampered by: Indefensible protected area (PA) borders; Uneven allocation of resources within the PA, Lack of baseline for evaluation, Buffer zone does not act as a buffer and is an area of intensive settlement and use Inappropriate sustainable agriculture program; Land titling difficulties; Local population growth. The authors recommend that MBR expand local stakeholder participation and the National Council for Protected Areas should be a coordinating body. They further note that international NGOs have become unnecessary ‘middlemen’ for funding while local NGOs still need strengthening. They find that all types of project information and planning need improved management and suggest that sustainable forestry activities should be further promoted. The authors suggest that the future actions focus on the MBR rather than expanding the conservation program to other areas. Furthermore, they suggest that MBR focus should be on 1) conservation of biodiversity in core areas, 2) consolidation of community forestry concessions, 3) integrated development of service corridor, and 4) improved policies. Lastly, the authors note that the method of evaluating project results is not functioning, making it impossible for project managers to know what the actual successes are and where improvement are needed. Suggestions are given for improving this process.
File Community-based natural resources management: An annotated bibliography by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:08 PM
KEYWORD: Community-based Natural Forest Management, World. Community-based Natural Forest Management, Africa. Community-based Natural Forest Management, Asia. Community-based Natural Forest Management, Central Amercia. Community-based Natural Forest Management, South America. Community-based Natural Forest Management, Australia. Africa, Asia, Central America, South America, bibliography.
File Parks, population, and resettlement in the Dominican Republic by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:08 PM
KEYWORD: Community-based Natural Forest Management, Central America. Caribbean, Dominican Republic, buffer zone, conservation, land use, protected areas, land tenure, laws, policy, communication, community participation, conflict, population growth, case study. SUMMARY: Los Haitises National Park in the Dominican Republic was created by resettling inhabitants of the protected area and excluding all human entry. This study is derived from surveys conducted during the resettlement process of one community that had been relocated, one that not, and two that would be. The objective was to provide information helpful in future creation of policies and preserves. The surveys covered topics such as the definition and boundaries of national parks, people's feelings about conservation, agricultural issues in resettlement areas, and what land uses they would be willing to give up to promote conservation. Most people demonstrated confusion about the concepts of a national park and buffer zones and were unaware of the proposed boundaries of Los Haitises. Despite government preconceptions, villagers showed support of conservation and were able to cite benefits such as watershed integrity, animal and plant preservation and soil conservation. Villagers listed many land use activities that they would be willing to give up in order to support conservation. They were very skeptical of the land and housing that the government would give, and their fears were supported by the findings of those families that had been relocated. Community and religion had a positive relationship with attitudes toward park use and conservation. Study results suggest that communities should be involved in the development of policies and governmental conservation initiatives. The study demonstrates that rural communities may be willing to make sacrifices in their land uses in order to contribute to shared goals. Misconceptions about people's understanding of conservation issues may hinder progress. Education is critical to protected area planning, management, and community integration.
File Designing Integrated Conservation and Development Projects by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:08 PM
21. Directed at policy makers, practitioners and donors interested in understanding the value of Integrated Conservation and Development projects (ICDPs), this publication explains what ICDPs offer, how they can be designed and carried out, and how conservation efforts and development projects ca be effectively integrated to achieve the goals of both. Date: 1995. Author: M. Brown and B. Wyckoff-Baird. Program: Biodiversity Support Program
File Measuring Conservation Impact An Interdisciplinary Approach to Project Monitoring and Evaluation by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:09 PM
48. This BSP symposium proceedings includes a set of papers that provide excellent examples of putting the theory of adaptive management into action, whereby project managers identify, collect, analyze, and use relevant ata to test assumptions, adapt, and learn. Date: 1999. Editors: K. Saterson, R. Margoluis, and N. Salafsky. Program: Analysis and Management
File Indigenous Peoples, Mapping and Biodiversity Conservation: An Analysis of Current Activities and Opportunities for Applying Geomatics Technologies by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:09 PM
23. This paper, published in 1995, is a global survey of community-based projects that have used the tool of mapping to support indigenous Peoples' natural resource management systems and land claims, Date: 1995. Author: Peter Poole. Program: Asia and the Pacific
File Freshwater Biodiversity of Latin America and the Caribbean: A Conservation Assessment by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:09 PM
49 A report of a workshop on the conservation of Freshwater Biodiversity in Latin America and the Caribbean held in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, September 27-30, 1995. Date: 1999. Editors: David Olson, Eric Dinerstein, Pablo Canevari, Ian Davidson, Gonzalo Castro, Virginia Morisset, Robin Abell, and Erick Toledo Biome: Freshwater Ecosystems. Program: Latin America and the Carribbean
File Donde se Invierte en Biodiversidad? Una Evaluacion del Financiamiento para la Biodiversidad en America Latina y el Caribe; Mapping Conservation Investments: An Assessment of Biodiversity Funding in Latin America and the Caribbean publicacion bilingue by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:09 PM
98 Esta es una publicacion bilingue que examina los patrones de financiamiento para la biodiversidad en la region de Latinoamerica y el Caribe (LAC) para discernir los vacios de financiamiento y animar una mayor comunicacion y conscientizacion de parte de los donantes. La evaluacion del financiamiento, resultado de un proyecto de tres anos de duracion implementado conjuntamente por el Banco Mundial y la USAID, se baso en los resultados recopilados con encuestas aplicadas a las principales organizaciones donantes: instituciones bilaterales y multilaterales, agencias gubernamentales, organizaciones no gubernamentales, fundaciones, principales instituciones de investigacion y fideicomisos para el medio ambiente. Se pretende que este analisis sea el primer paso hacia una mayor comunicacion entre los donantes y los implementadores con el fin de conducir a una inversion mas estrategica y mejor enfocada en la region de LAC. Date: 2001. Authors: G. Castro, I. Locker, V. Russell, L. Cornwell, E. Fajer Biome: Tropical and Subtropical Broadleaf Forests. Program: Latin America and the Carribbean
File Wood for Building Green (Guide) by webadmin — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:09 PM
"Wood for Building Green" is aimed at architects, designers, developers and building owners and addresses strategies for specifying responsible wood products, and offers resources for achieving wood related green building program credits. It also provides information and opportunities for specifying and sourcing wood products in innovative ways that support healthy communities and forest ecosystems throughout the world. This and related publications are available through Metafore {www.metafore.org}
File Land and Conflict: A Key Issues Lessons Learned Program Options Resources by webadmin — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:10 PM
The purpose of this toolkit is to provide a practical introduction to the relationship between land and violent conflict. The relationship is stark, whether we are talking about how land issues function as causal or aggravating factors in conflict, or whether we are thinking about land-related issues that arise in post-conflict settings. The toolkit is also designed to familiarize practitioners with a range of relevant programmatic interventions and to sensitize officers to the fact that development activities, including non-land related interventions, such as infrastructure projects and the exploitation of underground resources, can inadvertently cause land conflicts to erupt. As with many issues addressed in this series, land issues are a general development concern from the perspective of economic growth, governance, and the environment. However, land is also a critical 'prize' in many local and national power struggles, and any development initiative needs to be aware of this fact. The lead authors have therefore attempted to inspire creative thinking and encourage short-term action around land related conflicts, as well as capture the relevance of land to long-term development issues. The toolkit emphasizes the critical point that land issues must be approached systematically and that, in many contexts, sequencing and process are critical not only to the sustainability of programs but also to broader issues of stability. In that regard, this document also addresses 'doing no harm' and land-related programming.
File Forests and Conflict – Key Issues and Lessons Learned by webadmin — last modified Feb 14, 2013 03:16 AM
This briefing paper explores the links between forests and violent conflict, focusing on five aspects: (1) the use of timber to finance violent conflict; (2) forests as battlegrounds for armed groups, (3) the contribution of logging to lower-scale conflicts; (4) the contribution of poor governance to conflict, and (5) impacts of conflicts on forest ecosystems. It builds on the 2003 USAID-commissioned study by ARD, Inc., on “Conflict Timber: Dimensions of the Problem in Asia and Africa” (Thomson and Kanaan 2003). However, this briefing paper reflects additional lessons from South America, which was not covered in ARD, Inc.’s study. By elaborating on possible options for addressing forest and conflict, this paper complements the continuing efforts of the U.S. government to examine the role of forest resources in people’s livelihoods, regional stability, and the world’s climate. Two of the most notable USAID initiatives dealing with forests and conflict are the 1995 Central African Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE), which paved the way for the 2002 Congo Basin Forest Partnership. Together, these two initiatives sought to save the Congo Basin’s forests while fostering sustainable development. More recently, the U.S. Presidential Initiative Against Illegal Logging, announced in July 2003, seeks to address the problem of illegal logging by facilitating good governance, community-based actions, and technology transfer. This paper explicitly draws on practical examples from USAID and other development agencies, and suggests a framework that USAID missions could use to analyze and address issues of forests and conflict in developing countries around the world.
File ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY DIALOGUE: LESSONS LEARNED by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:11 PM
This report is the first in a series on Environmental Policy and Institutional Strengthening Lessons Learned. It should be considered a living document and will be revised and updated periodically. Task Order No. 01 USAID Contract No. P.E.-I-00-96-00002-00 By The EPIQ Technical Advisory Group Draft Version: February 28, 19981 Region: Centrally Funded Activities Task order: G/ENV Senior Policy Advisor and Technical Advisory Group Advisor  tech area: Dissemination of Policy Knowledge/Environmental Communication
File Environmental Documentation Manual For P.L. 480 Title II Cooperating Sponsors Implementing Food Aided Development Programs by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 05:39 PM
U.S. Agency for International Development Bureau for Africa Office of Sustainable Development and the Bureau for Humanitarian Response Office of Food for Peace Compiled and Edited by: Charlotte Bingham, USAID/AFR/REDSO/ESA, Nairobi Walter Knausenberger, AFR/SD/PSGE, Washington, D.C. Weston Fisher, EPIQ/Tellus Institute, Boston with the assistance of the Food Aid Management, Environmental Working Group and the USAID Bureau for Humanitarian Response, Office of Food for Peace (BHR/FFP) Food Aid Management Environmental Working Group Second Edition February 1999 Region: Africa Task order: AFR Bureau Environmental Policy and Institutional Strengthening (ENCAP) Technical area: Environmental Impact Analysis
File An Impact Assessment and Framework for Discussing the 2003-2007 Strategic Plan of the USAID/Brazil Environment Program by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:46 PM
Task Order No. 17 Contract No. OUT-PCE-I-00-96-00002-00 Final Report Prepared by: Richard E. Saunier, IRG Donald Sawyer, ISPN Nicholas Shorr, IRG Eduardo de Souza Martins, e.labore Marcondes Moreira de Araújo, e.labore Prepared for: USAID / Brazil April 2001 Region: Centrally Funded Activities/ Latin America and the Caribbean; Task Order: Technical Advisory Group II; Tech Area: Policy Assessment, Analysis and Evaluation & Strategic Planning
File Assessing the Potential for Carbon Sequestration at Three Forest Fire Restoration Sites in Mexico by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:47 PM
Task Order 838 Contract No. PCE-I-00-96-00002-00 Prepared by: Winrock International Sandra Brown Matt Delaney David Shoch Prepared for: USAID/Mexico Region: Latin America and the Caribbean; Task area: Mexico CO2 Sequestration Potential Assessment; Tech area: Forestry
File Bolivia Ecotourism Assessment by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 31, 2013 10:06 PM
Task Order No. 823 Contract No. PCE-I-00-96-00002-00 February 2002 Prepared for USAID/Bolivia Prepared by International Resources Group Team Members William J. McLaughlin, Regional Tourism Planner, Team Leader, IRG Alberto Abastaflor, Tourism and Pasto Grande Specialist, IRG Jose Courrau, Protected Area Management and Human Capacity Building Specialist, IRG Andy Drumm, Ecotourism Specialist, Ecotourism Director, The Nature Conservancy Steve Edwards, Ecotourism Specialist, Americas Region Manager, Ecotourism Department, Conservation International Peter McFarren, Private Sector Business Analyst, IRG Barbara Rossmiller, Business Management Analyst, IRG Ryan Taylor, Site Design/Small Business Specialist and Community Development, Associate Director, Peace Corps/Bolivia. Region: Latin America and the Caribbean; Task order: Bolivia Natural Resources Valuation and Socioeconomic Opportunities; Tech area: Land Use Management and Eco-Zoning; Sustainable Tourism
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