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Smartfolder for Amazon Basin Conservation Information and Deforestation

by Rose Hessmiller last modified Jan 10, 2013 08:45 AM
Smartfolder for Amazon Basin Conservation Information (deforestation)
File Research on land tenure, forest governance, and land use change in the northern Ecuadorian Amazon by LiLing Choo — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:52 PM
OVERVIEW: As part of our overall engagement with partners in Ecuador, we are performing research in the provinces of Sucumbios and Orellana, in the northern Ecuadorian Amazon, referred to locally as the “Oriente”. We explore the relationship between land tenure and land use change in this region, looking specifically at land tenure security, deforestation, and the varying impacts of different forms of forest management and land tenure on forest cover outcomes. Our two main studies, along with information on our partners, are outlined below. A primary objective of this overall body of research is to help inform the ongoing implementation, monitoring, and amplification of Ecuador’s national PES program, SocioBosque.
File CLIMATE BENEFITS, TENURE COSTS by Christin VanZant — last modified Oct 21, 2016 03:48 PM
The Economic Case For Securing Indigenous Land Rights in the Amazon
File Katoomba Meeting XIV Brazil 2009 - Avoiding Deforestation in the Amazon: REDD and PES Markets - Agenda by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:05 AM
The Mato Grosso Katoomba meeting in Brazil will convene policy makers, the scientific community, major financial institutions, business leaders, environmental non-governmental organizations, community based organizations and indigenous groups from the Amazon region of Brazil and around the globe to discuss the current state of, and potential for, forest-based carbon sequestration and REDD through PES markets. The conference will also address pioneering initiatives in water and biodiversity markets which, in conjunction with REDD, have the capability to reduce global carbon emissions and avoid dangerous climate change.
South America Environment, Science & Technology, and Health Newsletter ISSUE 107: February 2008 by ESTH — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:04 AM
Agriculture: Argentina:Danger in the Fields; BrazilAuthorizes Genetically Modified Crops; Health : Paraguay: Yellow Fever Update; Industrial Wastewater Pollution: Argentine Potassium Mining Plan Stirs Water Worry; Venezuela: Photocatalysis Fights Water Contamination; Argentina’s New President Pushing Sugar-Mill Cleanup; Forests: Latin America:Deforestation Still Winning; Brazil: Pantanal Indians Threatened by Deforestation; Peru:"For Sale" Signs in Amazon Jungle; Colombian CourtThrows Out Disputed Forestry Law; Peru:Logging Firm Accused of Using Workers’ Identities for Tax Fraud; Wildlife: BrazilLaunches Extinction Initiative; Ecology: Overfishing May Hurt Brazilian Pantanal Trees; Antarctic Research: VenezuelaHelped by Uruguay Plans Antarctic Base; Brazilian President Commits Support for Antarctic Research; Peru: Scramble for Gold Scars Madre de Dios Region; Energy: Brazil, Argentina Launch Energy Cooperation, but Natural Gas Negotiation Fails; PeruPlans Renewable Energy Investment; Brazil, French Guiana Cooperation includes Tackling Illegal Mining, Biofuels; ColombiaIgnores Pledge to Indians, Plans New Sinú Dam; Special Report: Increase in Deforestation Rate in Brazilian Amazon Sparks Government Action; Brazilto Boost Penalties to Pare Amazon Devastation; BrazilMob Attacks Anti-Logging Agents in Amazon Region; BrazilPlans Fund to Help Finance Amazon Conservation; BrazilPolice Resume Crackdown on Amazon Logging;
File WWF Living Forests Report: Chapter 5 by Christin VanZant — last modified Jan 05, 2017 05:57 PM
The Living Forests Report series has explained the reasons for and implications of an ambitious forest conservation target: Zero Net Deforestation and Forest Degradation (ZNDD) by 2020.
File Changing forests and overlapping tenure in the Ecuadorian Amazon: implications for the future implementation of SocioBosque by Lisa Naughton — last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:50 AM
Draft Version Presented at “Land Tenure and Forest Carbon Management” Workshop, Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, October 21-22, 2011
2009/4 Katoomba Meeting XIV-Avoiding Deforestation in the Amazon: REDD & PES Markets (Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil) by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 07:32 AM
April 1–2, 2009, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil - The meeting explored how ecosystem service payments and markets in carbon, water and biodiversity are quickly becoming key solutions to the urgent environmental problems of climate change, fresh water pollution, biodiversity loss, soil erosion and the destruction of our coastal and marine systems. A private side event also took place on April 3-4, 2009 in Mato Grosso, Brazil.
South America Environment, Science &Technology, and Health Newsletter Edition 104 by Stoner, Larissa A — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:04 AM
Agriculture: A Brazilian Engineer Uses Solar Power to Make the Desert Bloom. Water Issues: Brazil: Bishop Fasts Again for Sao Francisco River. Forests: Brazil Creates Voluntary Fund To Preserve The Amazon; Brazil: Amazon Deforestation Continues To Drop, But Is Still High; Cost of Zeroing Amazon Deforestation: USD $257 Billion. Fishing & Marine Conservation: Fish Virus Worries Workers in Chile’s Salmon Industry; Argentina: Whale Deaths Double; Chile’s Surfer Activists Celebrate Environmental Victory. Science & Technology: Brazil, Argentina Launch Space Rocket. Infrastructure Development: Bolivia, Brazil, Chile Agree On Road Corridor Linking Pacific, Atlantic; Brazil: Plans to Spend US$10.1 Billion on Amazon Iron Mine; UNICEF: Lack Of Basic Sanitation Will Leave Brazil Short Of Millenium Goals; Chavez, Allies Launch Bank of the South as Alternative to US Backed Lenders. Mining & Other Extractive Industries: Green Gold (Oro Verde) Initiative Calls for Responsible Small-Scale Mining in Colombia; Argentina and Chile to Sign Huge Andean Shared Mining Project; Brazilian Foundation Leads Protest against Canadian Gold Corporation Kinross. Energy: Brazilian Consortium Wins Auction to Build Amazon Dam after Protests Delay Bidding; Sugar Cane Threatens Brazilian Savannah; Venezuela, Brazil Pledge Energy Cooperation as Chavez and Lula da Silva Deepen Ties; Wind Energy Farm Launched in Chile. Climate Change: Climate Change a Killer for Chile’s Antarctic Penguins; Fleming Glacier in Danger in Chile’s Antarctica.
File Land tenure and deforestation research update by LiLing Choo — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:52 PM
South America Environment, Science &Technology, and Health News by Sebastian Toledo — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:50 AM
Edition # 112
File Toward Zero-Deforestation Oil Palm in Peru: Understanding Actors, Markets, and Barriers by Leif Kindberg — last modified Jun 08, 2015 11:38 AM
Large, commercial agriculture and timber enterprises are the principal agents of tropical deforestation in a number of countries, with four key commodities of soy, beef, palm oil, and pulp and paper being key drivers of tropical deforestation globally. TFA 2020 is a public-private partnership with the goal of reducing tropical deforestation associated with these key global commodities. TFA 2020 was born out of discussions between the U.S. Government and the Consumer Goods Forum, a network of more than 400 companies with annual sales exceeding US$3 trillion. Reducing deforestation associated with oil palm will require a change in the production practices of small-, medium-, and large-scale growers, increased demand for sustainably produced products, improved land tenure and governance, and appropriate monitoring and accounting to ensure that greenhouse gas emissions from forests have been reduced. Reducing deforestation from palm oil supply chains will require producers to shift to intensifying production on existing land and/or expanding production to degraded or non-forest land. Changing production practices requires upfront costs to farmers and/or lower returns during the period of transition from the old practice to the new. For example, new cultivars of oil palm can achieve higher yields, but it takes several years for a new plantation to reach full production. For this reason, technical assistance, adequate enabling conditions, and interim financing from loans or grants are often a prerequisite for catalyzing change.
Brazil's development bank announces $588m fund to reduce agricultural emissions by Portal Web Editor — last modified Mar 01, 2013 06:48 PM
Brazil's national development bank (BNDES) launched a 1 billion reais ($588 million) fund that will finance projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with agriculture, reports Reuters. BNDES lent 137 billion reais ($69 billion) in 2009—more than the World Bank.
South America Environment, Science & Technology, and Health Newsletter ISSUE 109 by Stoner, Larissa A — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:04 AM
Agriculture: Brazil: Clean Gasoline Fuels Soybean Production; Environmentalists Praise Results of Moratorium on Growing Soy in Brazil Amazon Health: U.S. Donates 50,000 Dollars Relief Funds to Victims of Northeast Flooding; Colombian Scientists Synthesize Potential Malaria Vaccine. Water Issues: Chile: Aguas Andinas to Study Glaciers; Chile’s Drinking Water Supply Guaranteed for Only 25 Years. Forests: Brazil to Rein in Foreign Groups in Amazon; Google Earth to Carry Satellite Images of Amazon Deforestation. Wildlife: Chile Park Officials to Monitor Mountain Lion Population. Fishing & Marine Conservation: Trawl Fishing Banned in Venezuela; Catch Limit Tightened on Fishing of Argentine Hake; Argentina: Environmental Atlas of the Sea; Turbulent Times for Chilean Salmon Farms. Science & Technology: US and Uruguay Sign Technology Cooperation Accord. Infrastructure Development: Brazil: Amazon Ghost Highway to Be Brought Back to Life; Chile: Environmentalists Defend Patagonian Wilderness from Dams. Pollution: Ecuador: Damage Estimate Filed in Amazon Oil-Pollution Trial; Two Ecuadorians Fighting against Chevron are Among 2008 Goldman Prize Winners; Peru: In Search of Less Toxic Mining. Climate Change: Marriott in Carbon Offset Deal with Brazilian State; 'Green' Trash Dump in Brazil on A Road to Revenue; Brazil to Pay Amazon Residents for 'Eco-Services'; Carbon Credits Could Help Save Amazon; Carbon-Offset Business Takes Root in Brazil. Energy: Bolivia's Morales Says Biofuels Serious Problem to Poor; Argentina, Brazil Revive Binational Dam Project; Chile Mandates Renewable-Energy Targets. General: Chile Unveils New Indigenous Policy; Environment Prominent in Bolivia’s Draft Constitution; Peru: Critics Say New Environment Ministry Will Lack Decision-Making Powers in Key Areas; Amazon Environmentalist Gunned Down in Peru
Indigenous Brazilians Map the Amazon by Héctor R. Cerpa — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:44 AM
USAID FrontLines - November 2009
File Green Highway Consortium Annual Report, 2004 by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jun 10, 2014 10:09 PM
During this first year of funding, the Green Highways Consortium consolidated and strengthened historical collaborations among member institutions, initiated new collaborations, and faced controversial issues (agribusiness expansion in Amazon , for example). The general strategy adopted by Consortium includes (1) the strengthening of different society groups (social movements; farmers, state and federal government) by providing qualified and scientific information on land use dynamic in Amazon, as a way, (2) helping the local society to find a new approach for “frontier governance” being able to control the social and environmental negative impacts coming from the currently land use activities. Also, the Consortium has to work (3) to promote the expansion of Annual Technical Report (2004): Green Highways Consortium 4 market incentives for good land practices and compliance with ambitious environmental legislation. All the three action lines above are inserted in a national and local political context, which is propitious to debate due to the phenomenal advance made by local society in terms of proposition of regional planning for economic corridors represented by the highways that will be paved (BR-163, for example). In this sense, the most important accomplishment was the remarkable progress made in consolidating a regional planning process for the BR-163 highway—a process that has now been recognized by the Brazilian Government. The BR-163 process provides a participatory, scientifically-grounded framework for advancing large-scale conservation and sustainable development along a 1,700 km corridor rife with land conflicts, land speculation, and the degradation of natural resources. A working group, recognized by the government, was organized by institutions which represent the civil society for setting up a monitoring to check the proposals aiming the territory arrangement through the BR-163 Highway. This participatory monitoring has been reached through activities such as training for smallholders (in fire and fauna management, viability of productive activities, etc), or even for timber companies’ staff as an alternative to reduce costs. All these processes included the production of materials, workshops and events to promote the environmental consciousness among the society groups involved in it. At the same time, the projects developed during the period reported here are improving the communities’ level of organization and their life quality, since it contributes to different economical alternatives with environmental reduced impact. Communities are getting able to sell and certificate their products, while the Consortium is surveying the possibility of compensating environmental services through carbon sequestration. The perspective of analyses and studies on the role of agro-industry companies in Amazon and the necessity to establish a direct dialogue with this sector generated a debate within the Consortium that has yet to be resolved. Are the goals of the Green Highways Consortium best served through partnerships with the very powerful industries that are converting forests to fields at historically high rates? Should the Consortium focus on strengthening the proponents of the socio-environmental movement? Or both? Given the gathering economic force of agro-industry expansion in the Amazon, the answers to these questions are extremely important. The Amazon environmental movement is poorly equipped to address the explosive expansion of cattle ranching and soybean production. But the work of the consortium in the first year has been an important catalyst to a qualitative leap in the discussion of these centrally important issues by the key institutional actors represented in the consortium. At the moment, all consortium members have a much clearer idea of the likely impact of agroindustrial expansion, and are working much more actively on an adequate response - at all levels, from the field to public policy – even though there isn’t a consensus regarding how to deal with it.
File Roads Filter: Identifying High-Risk Road Development in the Amazon Basin by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jul 05, 2016 08:23 PM
Over the past few decades, national and regional Amazonian governments have endorsed the rapid expansion of road construction. This attitude persists today and drives continued road integration plans within the region, for example, the Initiative for the Integration of South American Regional Infrastructure (Iniciativa para la Integración de la Infrestructura Regional Sudamericana: IIRSA). However, road development can bring high environmental costs and may accrue benefits to only a limited number of stakeholders. Within the region, roads have long been linked to deforestation; in the 1990’s 80% of all deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon occurred within 100 km of the five major road networks (Alves 2002). Deforestation leads to biodiversity loss, the displacement of indigenous and non-indigenous communities, the spread of disease, as well as global impacts such as increased greenhouse gas emissions and reduced carbon storage.
South America Environment, Science &Technology, and Health Newsletter Edition 99 by Stoner, Larissa A — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:03 AM
Agriculture: Embrapa and BASF create first Brazilian genetically modified soybean variety; Peru City Bans GM to Protect Native Potatoes. Forests: Brazil Launches Inquiry into Illegal Logging Claims; Chile's: Senate Passes Native Forest Law; Chile’s Forestry Sector Set to Expand Internationally Peru-Brazil: Tribes Flee 'Red Gold' Rush; Timber Stolen From Indigenous Land in Brazil Receives Certification from Smartwood-FSC; Brazil: Steel and Eucalyptus Heat Up Eastern Amazon. Fishing & Marine Conservation: Chile: Highly Contagious Fish Virus Detected In Chiloé. Protected Areas: In the Amazon: Conservation or Colonialism? Science & Technology: Venezuela: Shell Allocates USD2.6 Million for Science. Waste Management & Pollution: Guyana: World Wildlife Fund Sounds Mercury Warning; Chile’s Conama Wants New Study on River Polluted by Celco Paraguay: Hospitals - Generating Health or Pollution? Energy: Brazil Works on Biofuel Environmental Certification; Guyana Can Be Bio-Fuel Pioneer, says IDB President; Ethanol Sugarcane Threatens Brazil's Wooded Savanna; Brazilian Amazon Produces Sugar Cane For Ethanol. General: Guyana Signs Millennium Challenge Corporation Grant to Support Fiscal Reforms; Peru: Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative Receives Donation from World Bank.
File Changing forests & overlapping tenure in the Ecuadorian Amazon: Implications for the future implementation of SocioBosque by Lisa Naughton — last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:50 AM
Presentation from LTC OCT 2011 workshop
Brazil’s Police And Indigenous Groups Fight True Crime In The Amazon Together by Anna Woltman — last modified Jul 26, 2016 02:29 PM
A newly-formalized collaborative effort between Brazil’s law enforcement agencies and forest communities has ambitious plans to unravel an entire criminal enterprise operating in western Pará. Steve Schwartzman of the Environmental Defense Fund says such collaborative efforts can have a huge impact on curbing illegal deforestation and illegal logging.
File Land Use Transitions and Ecosystem Services in Tropical Forests by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:51 AM
Presentation given at LTC spring forum entitled: "Integrating Geospatial and Field-based Science to Assess Biodiversity Conservation: a Special Forum of Women Research Leaders" April 2-3 & 15, 2009
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