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Congressional Record 118/119 Reporting (Forestry, Biodiversity, and Endangered Species) US Foreign Assistance Act

by webadmin last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:49 AM
Section 1: 118/119 Reports (Forestry, Biodiversity, and Endangered Species) Reporting Requirements under FAA
USAID - Tropical Forests Reporting (Section 118) FY04 by webadmin — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:49 AM
USAID submits an annual report on tropical forests and USAID’s role in supporting sustainable management of the world’s forests, as required by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended. In Section 118 of the Act, Congress “recognizes the importance of forests and tree cover,” expresses particular concern about the “continuing and accelerating alteration, destruction and loss of tropical forests in developing countries,” and mandates that USAID take certain actions regarding tropical forests. This is the 2005 publication, reporting on the Agency's work in FY04.
File Biodiversity Assessment for Central Asia: Regional Overview by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:49 AM
ANE - 118/119 Report - Central Asia Region Task Order under the Biodiversity & Sustainable Forestry IQC (BIOFOR) USAID CONTRACT NUMBER: LAG-I-803-99-00014-00 This biodiversity assessment has three interlinked objectives: · To summarize the status of biodiversity and its conservation in Central Asia. Specifically, it analyzes threats, identifies opportunities, and makes recommendations for the improved conservation of biodiversity. This information will help USAID and other organizations and individuals, as appropriate, make decisions related to biodiversity conservation. · To meet the requirements stipulated under Section 119 (d) of the Foreign Assistance Act (see Annex A, FAA Sections 117 and 119), required when USAID missions are developing new strategic programs. The assessment also prepares the Mission to address issues arising under Sections 117 and 119 of the FAA, by providing information on biodiversity and natural resources in Central Asia. · To analyze the impact of current and future USAID activities in Kazakhstan on biodiversity conservation, suggest actions that USAID could undertake to support biodiversity conservation in Central Asia that are consistent with current and future USAID programs, and identify special opportunities for the Mission in the area of biodiversity conservation. This assessment consists of five individual reports, covering each of the countries of Central Asia, in addition to this regional overview. The reports tend to be more detailed for those countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan) where USAID has a significant program, and where greater opportunities seem to present themselves. The regional report summarizes some the major features and issues relating to biodiversity in the region, but should be read in consultation with individual country reports to highlight specific issues and recommendations. Prepared in 2001.
File Biodiversity and Tropical Forest Conservation, Protection and Management in Guyana by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 11, 2013 03:23 PM
LAC - 118/119 Report - The following report, “Biodiversity and Tropical Forest Conservation, Protection and Management in Guyana” is an environmental analyses prepared for the purpose of assisting in the development of the USAID/Guyana Mission’s new 2004-2008 Country Strategy (as required by Sections 118(e) and 119(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act). The goal of the analysis was to identify the threats to the conservation of Guyana’s tropical forests and biological diversity, and to examine the extent to which the proposed Mission strategy and activities address the threats.
File Cambodia Environmental Review: Status and Trends in Environmental Management and Options for Future Action by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:49 AM
ANE - 118/119 Report - Cambodia (2001) Final Report submitted to the United States Agency for International Development Including Interim Environmental Strategic Plan (IESP) And FAA 118/119 Assessment USAID/Cambodia Environmental Review iii Executive Summary Purpose This assessment of environment and natural resources (ENR) in Cambodia was conducted for the purposes of: · Assessing the status of, and trends in Cambodia’s environment and renewable natural resources, particularly with respect to forests, inland waters, the coastal zone, and marine waters. These resources were evaluated in terms of their biodiversity, their use for subsistence and commercial purposes, governance issues related to their management, and how natural resources are related to rural livelihoods, poverty, and human rights. Agriculture was also assessed because of its dependence on natural resources and its role in directly supporting the vast majority of the Cambodian people; · Describing current and planned activities of donors and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in environment and natural resources management (NRM) while identifying potential USAID programming opportunities; · Identifying potential partners for USAID/Cambodia with respect to possible ENR programming; and · Formulating an Intermediate Result (IR) in the area of improved natural resources governance to be included in the Mission’s Strategic Objective (SO) 1, which is currently under review and will be revised over coming months. USAID Contract No. LAG-I-00-99-00013-00, Task Order No. 805 Prepared in 2001.
File NIGERIA ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS FINAL REPORT by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:49 AM
In 1999, the Africa Bureau approved the USAID/Nigeria two-year Transition Country Strategic Objective. This was approved without adherence to the Automated Directives System (ADS) environmental assessment requirements due to its short timeframe. An extension, until December 2003, of the Transition Strategic Plan was approved in May 2001, with the condition that an environmental assessment now be completed due to the longer term (two to four years) nature of the strategy. This document supports that process by providing a broad overview of threats facing the environment in Nigeria, based on available data and interviews with expert informants within and outside the Mission. Although this document presents the relative severity of the threats facing each sector, these need not necessarily dictate environmental priorities and assistance strategies. Similarly, the opportunities section of this assessment is provided for a broad range of parties who might be interested in addressing environmental threats in Nigeria. Afr - 118/119 Report - Nigeria under USAID Contract No. LAG-I-00-99-00013-00 Biodiversity and Sustainable Forestry (BIOFOR) Indefinite Quantity Contract (IQC) Prepared in 2002.
File Tropical Forestry and Biodiversity Conservation in Paraguay: Final Report of a Section 118/119 Assessment by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:49 AM
Executive Summary This report complies with the requirements of the Section 118/119 Amendments for Tropical Forestry and Biodiversity Conservation to the Foreign Assistance Act examining the new Strategic Plan (2006-2011) for the USAID/Paraguay bilateral program. As part of USAID’s efforts to design a new assistance strategy for Paraguay for the period FY 2006-2011, USAID/Paraguay contracted for the services of a tropical forestry/biodiversity assessment team under the aegis of the EPIQ II IQC with Chemonics International Inc. This assessment constitutes an early environmental review of the Mission’s new multi-year strategy for the country with these objectives: 􀂾 Ensure that the planned activities and investments are not likely to adversely affect tropical forestry and biodiversity. 􀂾 Explore the opportunities for program synergy among the strategic objectives that could contribute to the conservation of tropical forests and biodiversity. 􀂾 Identify other issues and opportunities related to forestry and biodiversity conservation for USAID assistance that may match the Mission’s overall strategy thrust. LAC - 118/119 Report - Paraguay EPIQ II Task Order No.1 Prepared in 2004
File Mozambique: Environmental Threats and Opportunities by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:49 AM
An assessment team of three environmental professionals worked in Mozambique from October 14 to November 1, 2002. The team met with USAID staff to gain a better understanding of the Mission’s past activities and the results framework proposed in the new CSP. The team met with a wide range of stakeholders and USAID partners and implementing agencies, including government agencies, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and private commercial sector representatives. Site visits to Nampula Province in northern Mozambique, and the area bordering Kruger National Park in South Africa, provided on-the-ground examples and details that improved the teams’ understanding of the challenges for sustainable NRM in the country. The team reviewed all of the available reports, documents, maps, and other materials available on the biological diversity, tropical forests, coastal and marine resources, and other environmental issues in Mozambique. Under the BioFor Indefinite Quantity Contract (IQC), Contract No. LAG-I-00-99-00013-00 , Task Order No. 808 Afr - 118/119 Report - Mozambique Prepared in 2002.
File CONSERVATION OF TROPICAL AND BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IN EAST TIMOR by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:49 AM
FAA 118 / 119 REPORT A. INTRODUCTION East Timor is located on Timor Island in the Lesser Sunda Islands chain. Its residents voted for independence from Indonesia in a referendum held in 1999. Immediately following the referendum, large-scale violence by the Indonesian Army and militia erupted that included massacres and wide-scale destruction of property. Sixty to eighty percent of public and private property was destroyed including schools and health clinics. There was a displacement of people into mountainous areas (UNHRC, 2000). Such violence destroyed the socio-economic base for the country’s development. The United Nations has helped to support the development of this new sovereign state and in May 2002, East Timor became independent.... JUNE 2004
File Assessment of Conditions for Biodiversity and Fragile Ecosystems Conservation and Management in Peru by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:49 AM
The threats to reduced biological diversity are grouped in two categories: policy threats and site specific threats to diverse biologically-rich ecosystems. Divided environmental authority, misconception of the value of conserving biodiversity and forests, inadequate legal norms, lack of participation of the local population in the management of protected areas, unsustainable land and resource use, uncontrolled mining and hydrocarbon exploration in protected areas, uncontrolled tourism expansion, and deforestation all contribute to loss of biological diversity. The most appropriate response to these threats is one that addresses improvements in the management of biological diversity and forests, combined with efforts to generate economic alternatives for local communities living in and around threatened ecosystems. July 1998 Task Order No. 819 Contract No. PCE-I-00-96-00002-00 LAC - 118/119 Report - Peru
File Environment, Biodiversity, Water, and Tropical Forest Conservation, Protection, and Management in Panama: Assessment and Recommendations by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 05:36 PM
LAC - 118/119 Report - Panama BIODIVERSITY AND TROPICAL FORESTRY ASSESSMENT OF THE USAID/PANAMA PROGRAM The current report aims to assess: 􀂃 The current status of tropical forests and biodiversity in Panama. 􀂃 The major threats to tropical forests and biodiversity in Panama. 􀂃 How USAID/Panama activities and investments are likely to contribute to or adversely affect tropical forestry and biodiversity conservation. 􀂃 How opportunities for program synergy among the strategic objectives can contribute to tropical forests conservation and biodiversity. 􀂃 Other issues and opportunities for USAID assistance that match the mission’s overall strategy. BIOFOR IQC No. LAG-I-00-99-00014-00, Task Order #824 Prepared in 2004.
The New Strategy for the USAID/Jamaica Bilateral Program USAID/Jamaica believes that the activities and investments under the current Strategic Plan provide a solid foundation on which to continue USAID assistance to the country. “The new strategy will involve adjustments that are more in the nature of course corrections, next steps and some reconfiguration of ongoing activities, rather than major changes in direction” (USAID 2002). The “Ideas Paper” presented in December 2002 and largely endorsed by USAID/Washington proposes focusing on five areas of strategic intervention: • Competitive environment for the private sector • Natural assets and rural livelihoods • Healthy and productive lifestyles • Better-educated population • Legal and political reform. SECTION 118/119 BIOFOR IQC No. LAG-I-00-99-00014-00, Task Order #819 Prepared in 2003.
File Environmental Threats and Opportunities Assessment for Uganda by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 05:50 PM
Afr - 118/119 Report - Uganda In carrying out this assessment, the team collected and studied key documents on the biology and policy aspects of biodiversity, where these existed. This written literature demonstrated many redundancies and conflicting statements, and data gaps were evident everywhere. Interviews with key government officials, biologists, and conservationists were held to clarify details and to get a more informal understanding of the real on-the-ground biodiversity conservation picture in Uganda. Finally, a focal group meeting of university biologists and some representative NGOs was held at Makerere University to gain a further appreciation for the biodiversity conservation needs and recommendations of those people deeply involved in work in the field. Biodiversity Assessment Task Order under the Biodiversity & Sustainable Forestry IQC (BIOFOR) USAID CONTRACT NUMBER: LAG-I-810-99-00014-00 SUBMITTED TO: USAID/UGANDA SUBMITTED BY: CHEMONICS INTERNATIONAL INC. WASHINGTON, D.C. MAKERERE UNIVERSITY INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES (MUIENR) KAMPALA, UGANDA APRIL 2001
File RWANDA ENVIRONMENTAL THREATS AND OPPORTUNITIES ASSESSMENT by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:49 AM
Rwanda is a complex country with a significant endowment of natural resources managed by a wide variety of institutions. Attempting to describe the “state of the environment” and to analyze threats to Rwanda’s environment and natural resources in only three weeks is a formidable task. Nevertheless, the Environmental Threats and Opportunities Analysis (ETOA) Team believes that it has made a contribution by providing at least a snapshot of what the major environmental issues, threats, and opportunities are today. Afr - 118/119 Report - Rwanda Task Order No. 818 under the Biodiversity & Sustainable Forestry (BIOFOR) IQC USAID Contract No. LAG-I-00-99-00014-00 Submitted to: USAID/Rwanda Submitted by: Chemonics International Inc. February 2003
File Bolivia Country Analysis of Tropical Forests and Biological Diversity by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:49 AM
Significant constraints are currently hindering further progress toward sustainably managing and conserving Bolivia’s biodiversity and tropical forests. These threats include: · A land and forest policy framework that provides strong incentives for deforestation and weak incentives for sustainable forest management, biodiversity conservation, and forest fire prevention; · Forestry institutions that are financially insolvent and lack technical capacity; · Insufficient silvicultural and forest product research to support strengthening of the sector; · A poorly developed wood products industry; and · Inadequate valuation of forest environmental services and use of non-timber forest products (NTFPs). USAID/Bolivia intends that its 2004–2009 Strategic Plan will assist the Government of Bolivia (GOB) to address these constraints effectively. LAC - 118/119 Report - Bolivia Report submitted to the United States Agency for International Development USAID/Bolivia’s Country Strategy 2004-2009 under USAID Contract No. LAG-I-00-99-00013-00, Biodiversity and Sustainable Forestry (BioFor) IQC, Task Order No. 810 Prepared in 2002.
File BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY AND TROPICAL FOREST: India by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:50 AM
FAA 118/119 ANNEX Most of India’s biodiversity conservation issues are inextricably linked to sustainable development and poverty-alleviation challenges. Actions necessary to conserve India’s biological diversity and tropical forest resources include: • increasing knowledge and protection of biodiversity and forests outside the protected areas network; • encouraging sustainable use of fuelwood, fodder, and forest resources; • preventing overgrazing by livestock; • controlling and mitigating agricultural, industrial, and urban pollution; • reducing over-harvesting of medicinal plants for commercial markets; • controlling impacts caused by mining, energy production, and urbanization; • reducing levels of poaching and trade in endangered species products; and • integrating a gender perspective into management of these resources.... USAID/India 2002-2007 COUNTRY STRATEGIC PLAN Prepared in 2003.
A. INTRODUCTION “Natural resources are the big issue: Cambodia has nothing else.”1 Cambodia, as a country emerging from a long and devastating civil war, faces many challenges resulting from unlawful behavior, greed, poor governance, little infrastructure, a weak educational system, and severe poverty. Management of the country's rich natural resources, especially forests and the Tonle Sap Lake, is hampered by corruption, extreme inequality of access rights, insufficient or nonexistent rights of tenure, a weak civil society ethnic divisions, and growing population pressures.... ANE - 118/119 Report Cambodia (2005) APRIL 2005
File Environmental Analysis USAID/Philippines Strategy for 2005-2009 by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:50 AM
ANE - 118/119 Report - Philippines EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Introduction and Background The Philippines once possessed some of the richest biological diversity in the world. However, the country has undergone a catastrophic degradation of its natural resource base, resulting in one of the lowest rates of per capita forest cover in the tropics and the collapse of much of the country’s mangrove and coral reef ecosystems. Indeed, the mega diversity of the Philippine tropical forests and marine and coastal resources is threatened and highly at risk. The main direct cause of this degradation has been over-exploitation and destruction of forest and coastal resources. Contributing factors include greed, rapid population growth, conversion of land to other uses, urbanization, pollution, and sedimentation from extensive land-based erosion. Although some progress has been made, extensive donor and Government of the Republic of the Philippines’ (GRP) efforts to reverse these trends have not succeeded. Long-term improvements in resource management and protection of biodiversity will require successful parallel efforts by GRP and donors to address such critical development challenges as: (a) slowing the country’s population growth rate; (b) creating viable economic alternatives for poor families that currently depend upon the destructive exploitation of forest and coastal resources to survive; (c) developing sustained sources of financing for investment in improved environmental management; and (d) strengthening the institutional capability to enforce environmental laws. Prepared in 2004.
File Report on Biodiversity and Tropical Forests in Indonesia by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:50 AM
xvii Executive Summary Purpose of the Report USAID/Indonesia is required under Sections 118 and 119 of the Foreign Assistance Act (FAA) to carry out a background assessment of the status of forests and biological diversity in Indonesia to ensure that its new strategic plan most effectively improves the conservation of biological diversity and sustainable use of forest resources in Indonesia. This assessment must: 􀂃 Provide an analysis of actions necessary in Indonesia to achieve conservation and sustainable management of tropical forests. 􀂃 Evaluate the extent to which actions proposed meet identified needs. Submitted in accordance with Foreign Assistance Act Sections 118/119 February 20, 2004
Major Findings of the Assessment First and foremost, the Assessment Team can report that its understanding of the planned activities for the next strategic program period suggests that: • There will be little likelihood of adverse environmental impacts on tropical forestry, biodiversity and water resources; and • Results in the area of wise use of water resources and in particular improved watershed management – a cross-cutting theme for the new strategy – will in the Salvadoran context lead to achievements related to tropical forest and biodiversity conservation. LAC - 118/119 Report - El Salvador A Task Order Report Under the BIOFOR IQC Contract No. LAG-I-00-99-00014-00, Task Order # 821 Prepared in 2004
File Tropical Forestry and Biodiversity (FAA 118 and 119) Analyses - Lessons Learned and Best Practices from Recent USAID Experience by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:50 AM
In amendments to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, Sections 118 and 119, enacted in 1987, Congress imposed mandatory “Country Analysis Requirements” related to the conservation and sustainable use of tropical forests and biological diversity on the U.S. Agency for International Development. This review of USAID’s recent experience in conducting and using Tropical Forestry and Biodiversity analyses was designed to identify the lessons learned from that experience, and to develop updated recommendations and practical, “how to” advice for Missions or Regional Bureaus based on the best practices that could be found. Produced in September, 2005. Under contract to ARD. Lead author: Bruce Byers (Feb 2006 revised copy posted)
File USAID - Biodiversity Reporting (Section 119) FY03 by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:50 AM
This document presents an overview of USAID’s biodiversity conservation programs. It summarizes programs and activities implemented in Africa, Asia and the Near East, Europe and Eurasia, and the Latin America and Caribbean regions, highlighting achievements in Fiscal Year (FY) 2003. The summary descriptions of projects and activities are focused on the biodiversity conservation components of the programs.1 Many of these programs support other objectives such as improved livelihoods and good governance, in addition to biodiversity conservation.
File Biological Diversity and Tropical Forestry Analysis: Pakistan by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:50 AM
FAA 118/119 Annex Pakistan has some of the world’s rarest animals and plants but these are now in danger of disappearing forever due to overuse and loss of natural habitat. While people are without doubt a most valuable resource in Pakistan, uncontrolled population growth puts ever-increasing pressures on the country’s natural resource base. Misguided economic policies have widened inequalities and forced rural people and others to exploit biodiversity at rates that are no longer sustainable. As a result, processes such as deforestation, overgrazing, soil erosion, salinity and waterlogging have become major threats to the remaining biodiversity in Pakistan. The continuing loss of this forest habitat with its associated fauna and flora will have serious implications for the nation’s other natural and agro-ecosystems. The recently completed Biodiversity Action Plan for Pakistan provides a comprehensive review of the current status and develops proposals for action. USAID/Pakistan Interim Strategic Plan FY 2003-2005 Prepared in 2004.
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