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The Environmental “Riskscape” and Social Inequality: Implications for Explaining Maternal and Child Health Disparities

by Stanzin Tonyot last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:55 AM
Contributors: stonyot
Environmental Health Perspectives 2006 In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, any copyrighted material herein is distributed without profit or payment for non-profit research and educational purposes only. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, any copyrighted material herein is distributed without profit or payment for non-profit research and educational purposes only.

BACKGROUND: Research indicates that the double jeopardy of exposure to environmental hazards combined with place-based stressors is associated with maternal and child health (MCH) disparities. OBJECTIVE AND DISCUSSION: Our aim is to present evidence that individual-level and place-based psychosocial stressors may compromise host resistance such that environmental pollutants would have adverse health effects at relatively lower doses, thus partially explaining MCH disparities, particularly poor birth outcomes. Allostatic load may be a physiologic mechanism behind the moderation of the toxic effect of environmental pollutants by social stressors. We propose a conceptual framework for holistic approaches to future MCH research that elucidates the interplay of psychosocial stressors and environmental hazards in order to better explain drivers of MCH disparities. Environ Health Perspect 114:1150–1153 (2006). doi:10.1289/ehp.8930 available via http://dx.doi.org/ [Online 6 April 2006]

Author(s): stonyot

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