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Social and Environmental Soundness (SES)

nepal

REDD+ success depends on equitable engagement of community stakeholders, as here in Nepal.
Photo: Paula J. Williams

REDD+ will only succeed if activities are feasible, sustainable and sound from a financial, social and environmental perspective. As such, then REDD+ needs to address a range of issues, including land and carbon tenure, gender, human rights, democracy, governance, and benefit sharing. REDD+ must equitably engage many stakeholders, especially local communities, living in, or near, forests, but also private sector actors who drive deforestation. International agencies have agreed that REDD+ initiatives should "do no harm" to forest communities or the environment, but many advocate that REDD+ should do more, i.e., "do good" by reducing poverty or improving biodiversity conservation. REDD+ brings risks and opportunities for rural populations, especially indigenous peoples, and needs social and environmental safeguards, standards, and guidelines to manage those risks. FCMC will assist USAID to assess best practices and develop SES guidelines and training applicable to a range of USAID-supported activities, and support work on impact assessment, monitoring, reporting, and verification of social and environmental costs, benefits, and impacts. FCMC will undertake this challenge by supporting REDD+ stakeholder consultation processes and testing SES standards at various levels, while enhancing capacity among various stakeholders and within regional institutions.

The concept of "social and environmental soundness" encompasses a range of different issues, approaches, methodologies, interventions and monitoring. This approach includes the establishment of safeguard policies, identification of tools and methods, best practices standards and assessment of impacts, as well as utilization of participatory and inclusive approaches to the identification, design, appraisal, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of interventions and broad stakeholder engagement. It is vital that all activities ensure the equitable participation of stakeholders, including often marginalized populations such as women, the poor, vulnerable groups and indigenous peoples. Moreover, it is important that the social and environmental dimensions be well-integrated with each other, rather than considered as separate elements. The environmental and biodiversity issues of REDD+ will receive additional attention, in terms of the analysis of issues and development of training materials, to be done under this Task.

Although SES is one of the five main tasks of the FCMC Program, it also must be seen as a cross-cutting issue that is interwoven into all Program activities. The efforts to be conducted under the other Tasks need to be socially and environmentally sound, based upon broad stakeholder engagement and consensus building, including local community participation. All FCMC activities need to be gender sensitive, and wherever relevant, support the active participation and engagement of women.

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Full List of SES Documents Follow:

Final Report: Forest Carbon, Markets and Communities (FCMC) Program
Nov 20, 2015 · File

Final Report: Forest Carbon, Markets and Communities (FCMC) Program

Tetra Tech was awarded the three-and-one-half year Forest Carbon, Markets, and Communities Program (FCMC) Task Order (TO) by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in late March 2011. No-cost extensions enabled the program to continue through August 2015.…

Shifting Cultivation, Gender, and REDD+ in Cameroon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo PDF
Mar 12, 2015 · File

Shifting Cultivation, Gender, and REDD+ in Cameroon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo PDF

Shifting cultivation – also called swidden, slash-and-burn, or rotational cultivation – is the natural resource management system that underpins food production and livelihoods in the forest zones of Central African countries. It has been identified as a key driver of…

Shifting Cultivation, Gender and REDD+ in Cameroon and the Democratic Republic of Congo - Brief
May 28, 2015 · File

Shifting Cultivation, Gender and REDD+ in Cameroon and the Democratic Republic of Congo - Brief

This report presents the findings of field studies on shifting cultivation in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Cameroon that the Forest Carbon, Markets and Communities (FCMC) Program commissioned. The field research was conducted in coordination with the Central…

La culture itinérante, le genre et la REDD+ au Cameroun et en République Démocratique du Congo
May 20, 2015 · File

La culture itinérante, le genre et la REDD+ au Cameroun et en République Démocratique du Congo

La culture itinérante – également appelée culture sur brûlis, ou culture de rotation – est le système de gestion des ressources naturelles sur lequel reposent la production alimentaire et les moyens de subsistance dans les zones forestière d’Afrique centrale et…

Mar 12, 2015 · File

PowerPoint Presentation on Shifting Cultivation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

This presentation was prepared for and delivered at the Annual Conference for the International Society of Tropical Foresters (ISTF) in January 2013. It presented preliminary findings and analysis of an ongoing FCMC study on Shifting Cultivation, Deforestation, Gender and REDD+…

Workshop Report: Shifting Cultivation, Gender and REDD+ in West and Central Africa
Mar 12, 2015 · File

Workshop Report: Shifting Cultivation, Gender and REDD+ in West and Central Africa

In July 2012, FCMC hosted a workshop in Washington, DC to act as the starting point for its study on Shifting Cultivation, Deforestation, Gender and REDD+. The workshop discussed ongoing work with shifting cultivation in West and Central Africa, primarily…

REDD+ Safeguards in Peru: An Overview of Implementation (2013-2014)
Aug 10, 2015 · File

REDD+ Safeguards in Peru: An Overview of Implementation (2013-2014)

This document summarizes the implementation of the reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation, plus the role of conservation, sustainable forest management, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+) social and environmental soundness (SES) project implemented by Conservation International Peru (CI…

 REDD+ and Biodiversity Conservation: Approaches, Experiences and Opportunities for Improved Outcomes: Report Brief
Mar 12, 2015 · File

REDD+ and Biodiversity Conservation: Approaches, Experiences and Opportunities for Improved Outcomes: Report Brief

This issues brief covers the key findings and analysis generated by a long-term study conducted by FCMC on the intersection between biodiversity conservation and REDD+. It explores the linkages made between the two areas in a number of national strategies,…

 REDD-plus et conservation de la biodiversite: Approches, experiences et possibilites d'amelioration des resultats
Mar 12, 2015 · File

REDD-plus et conservation de la biodiversite: Approches, experiences et possibilites d'amelioration des resultats

Cette presentation du rapport récapitule les enseignements tirés de la intersection du la conservation de la biodiversite et le REDD-plus.

 REDD+ y la conservación de la biodiversidad: Enfoques, experiencias y oportunidades para obtener mejores resultados
Mar 12, 2015 · File

REDD+ y la conservación de la biodiversidad: Enfoques, experiencias y oportunidades para obtener mejores resultados

Este informe temático resume los hallazgos claves y análisis generados por un estudio a largo plazo dirigido por FCMC sobre el vínculo entre la conservación de la biodiversidad y el REDD+. Explora los conexiones entre los dos áreas temáticas en…

 A Review of the Biodiversity Goals and Proposed Monitoring Methods in National REDD+ Programs
Mar 12, 2015 · File

A Review of the Biodiversity Goals and Proposed Monitoring Methods in National REDD+ Programs

This study reviews documents developed early in the REDD+ readiness process to explore how emerging national-level REDD+ programs are addressing biodiversity issues.

 A Review of the Biodiversity Goals, Monitoring Methods and Short-Term Impacts of Forest Carbon Projects
Mar 12, 2015 · File

A Review of the Biodiversity Goals, Monitoring Methods and Short-Term Impacts of Forest Carbon Projects

This report reviews 17 forest carbon projects to assess their biodiversity benefits, goals and impacts, along with their relation to national biodiversity strategies.

 REDD+ and Biodiversity Conservation: Approaches Experiences and Opportunities for Improved Outcomes
Mar 12, 2015 · File

REDD+ and Biodiversity Conservation: Approaches Experiences and Opportunities for Improved Outcomes

This report reviews how biodiversity issues are currently being addressed in existing safeguard policies and frameworks, national programs and forest carbon project activities, and provides recommendations on how to ensure positive biodiversity impacts in emerging REDD+ initiatives. This synthesis report…

 REDD+ et conservation de la biodiversité : Approches, expériences et possibilités d’améliorer les résultats
Mar 12, 2015 · File

REDD+ et conservation de la biodiversité : Approches, expériences et possibilités d’améliorer les résultats

Ce rapport examine comment les questions de biodiversité sont abordées aujourd’hui dans les politiques et les cadres existants en matière de sauvegardes dans les activités de programmes et de projets de carbone forestier nationaux, et formule des recommandations sur la…

 REDD+ y la conservación de la biodiversidad : Enfoques, experiencias y oportunidades para obtener mejores resultados
Mar 12, 2015 · File

REDD+ y la conservación de la biodiversidad : Enfoques, experiencias y oportunidades para obtener mejores resultados

Este informe revisa la forma en que se están abordando actualmente asuntos relativos a la biodiversidad en las políticas y los marcos de salvaguardas existentes, al igual que en los programas nacionales y las actividades realizadas en el contexto de…

Lessons Learned from Community Forestry in Africa and Their Relevance for REDD+
Mar 12, 2015 · File

Lessons Learned from Community Forestry in Africa and Their Relevance for REDD+

This report reviews lessons learned from decades of community forestry experiences in Africa and generates recommendations and conclusions for REDD+. It is one of three regional reports on Africa, Asia and Latin America that FCMC is commissioning, as well as…

Lessons Learned from Community Forestry in Africa and Their Relevance for REDD+: Issues Brief
Mar 12, 2015 · File

Lessons Learned from Community Forestry in Africa and Their Relevance for REDD+: Issues Brief

This issues brief summarizes the information and analysis contained in the full report on Lessons Learned from Community Forestry in Africa. It includes recommendations and key conclusions.

 Lessons Learned from Community Forestry in Asia and Their Relevance for REDD+
Mar 12, 2015 · File

Lessons Learned from Community Forestry in Asia and Their Relevance for REDD+

This report reviews lessons learned from decades of community forestry experiences in Asia and generates recommendations and conclusions for REDD+. It is one of three regional reports on Africa, Asia and Latin America that FCMC is commissioning, as well as…

 Lessons Learned from Community Forestry in Asia and Their Relevance for REDD+: Issues Brief
Mar 12, 2015 · File

Lessons Learned from Community Forestry in Asia and Their Relevance for REDD+: Issues Brief

This issues brief summarizes the information and analysis contained in the full report on Lessons Learned from Community Forestry in Asia. It includes recommendations and key conclusions.

 Las enseignements tirés de la foresterie communauraire en Afrique et leur pertinence pour la REDD-plus
Mar 12, 2015 · File

Las enseignements tirés de la foresterie communauraire en Afrique et leur pertinence pour la REDD-plus

Cette rapport récapitule les enseignements tirés de La foresterie communautaire en Afrique.

 
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