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Community-Based Integrated Land and Water Management: Case Studies and Lessons Learned from Africa

by Carmen Tedesco last modified Jan 10, 2013 03:20 PM
Contributors: L. Berry, D. Campbell, G. Jewitt

In most of Africa integrated management of both land and water is needed to sustain livelihood systems. Water needs to be collected, husbanded and led appropriately to fields and crops or to animals. Land based resources, soil and vegetation/crops have also to be carefully managed. The status of one affects that of the other. While this is instinctive and obvious to the farmer and pastoralist, it’s not always so clear to officials in sectorally organized central ministries or departments, or even in the sectorally oriented sections of development agencies and NGOs, either in the capital city or in local offices. There are many lessons to be learned from the inappropriately skewed development of one resource in relation to the other. Fortunately, there are also lessons to be learned from examples of effective integrated development in a community setting of resource systems linking land, water, and the biological resources they produce. This document draws upon a number of case studies of Community-Based Integrated Land and Water Management (CBILWM) in Africa, and experience with different approaches to rural development, to offer guidelines for effective CBILWM. (INCI) The document provides the following: • A brief background to development agency initiatives in integrated land and water management • An analytical summary of the current scientific thinking on approaches to this topic • Eight case studies of local CBILWM experience in Africa • Some lessons learned from scientific, agency, and practical experiences to date.

Author(s): L. Berry , D. Campbell , G. Jewitt

Publication Date: 2002

Location: Africa

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