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Collection: IUCN / FRAME CBNRM Studies FRAME Community Archived Resources

by Carmen Tedesco last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:41 AM
IUCN and FRAME National Case Studies on Community-based Natural Resources Management in Southern Africa.

FRAME and IUCN have collaborated in a project aimed at documenting achievements in promoting sustainable natural resources management (NRM) as a means of combating desertification, reducing poverty and promoting good governance in southern Africa. This collaborative effort generated multiple studies listed below.  These include five field based national case studies from Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe.  In addition, two cross cutting studies were completed, one looking at the economics of CBNRM, and the second addressing the linkages between CBNRM and the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).

File Creating Synergies between CBNRM and the UNCCD by Carmen Tedesco — last modified Jan 10, 2013 04:20 PM
This paper provides a synthesis of key findings and lessons learned from five case studies of successful CBNRM projects in the Southern African Region. These included case studies from Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe. (Arntzen et al. 2007a, Grossman & Holden, 2007, Jones & Mosimane, 2007, Mauambeta et al. 2007, Taylor & Murphree, 2007). The case studies were carried out as part of a USAID funded by IUCN/FRAME ROSA (Regional Office for Southern Africa) initiative. The initiative focuses on knowledge management for biodiversity conservation and the mainstreaming of CBNRM in the implementation of the UNCCD. Of special interest to both FRAME and IUCN ROSA is the need to improve cross-sectoral information sharing and coordination. This will help to maximize synergies between CBNRM and UNCCD National Action Programmes (NAPs) and to develop linkages with poverty reduction, environmental governance and related programs. These studies demonstrate various UNCCD-related environmental, socio-economic and institutional / policy benefits derived from CBNRM initiatives. They further demonstrate the link between the UNCCD response strategies, as expressed through NAPs and national reports, and the CBNRM initiatives in the individual countries. Also highlighted are opportunities for greater alignment between the UNCCD and CBNRM implementation.
File Policy Brief Integrating CBNRM into UNCCD strategies and action plans in southern Africa by Carmen Tedesco — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:43 AM
CBNRM is an overlooked and underused tool for achieving national development objectives An initial generation of CBNRM pilot projects launched in the 1980s and early 1990s have evolved and matured into national programs that are impacting millions of households and achieving large scale impacts on millions of hectares.
File Integrating CBNRM into UNCCD Desertification Strategies - Experiences in Select Southern African Countries by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:41 AM
This study forms a component of a larger study being conducted by the USAID-funded FRAME program that reviews CBNRM in five southern African countries (IUCN/FRAME) in terms of their contribution to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification. This study reviews the link between the individual countries UNCCD response strategies as expressed through their NAPs and national reports and the CBNRM initiatives in the individual countries. Readers are referred to the FRAME national case studies and synthesis study to get information on the degree to which CBNRM is achieving UNCCD goals.
File Case Studies on Successful Southern African NRM Initiatives and their Impacts on Poverty and Governance: Country Study Botswana by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 24, 2013 01:30 AM
Country Study Botswana--Case Study of the CBNRM Programme in Botswana. This report has been commissioned by the USAID-FRAME programme as part of a series of case studies on successful southern African natural resource management activities and their impacts on poverty and governance. This report describes CBNRM efforts in Botswana.This is one in a series of case studies:
File RURAL LIVELIHOODS, POVERTY REDUCTION, AND FOOD SECURITY IN SOUTHERN AFRICA: IS CBNRM THE ANSWER? by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:40 AM
This IUCN/FRAME report focuses on three economic aspects of CBNRM approaches in southern Africa. These are the socioeconomic benefits of CBNRM and contributions to rural livelihoods, the impact on poverty and food security and the comparison of CBNRM with other land use and development options such as agriculture.
File The economic value of wild resources in Senegal : a preliminary evaluation of non-timber forest products, game and freshwater fisheries by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:07 AM
The contribution of wild plants and animals to human welfare is widely appreciated but not routinely measured. Reliable and up-to-date information on the economic importance of wild resources is needed to ensure that development policies and investments take account of the full costs and benefits of alternative land uses. This report presents a summary of findings of recent research on the value of non-timber forest products, game and freshwater fisheries in Senegal. The research is based on new data gathered from producers, traders and consumers of wild plant and animal products.
File Community-Based Resource Management, Rural Livelihoods, and Environmental Sustainability: Botswana by Carmen Tedesco — last modified Jan 10, 2013 03:29 PM
This report examines the impact of community-based natural resource management projects in Botswana, focusing on the communities of Tswapong hills and Sankuyo. The paper reports that CBNRM indicators show that the overall development impact of community-based programs is limited. Around 1.2 percent of the adult population in CBNRM areas is employed through CBOs or joint venture partnerships. The CBNRM benefits amount to a modest amount of around P420 per person per year. However, the report also notes that CBNRM programs have grown rapidly over the past two decades and have diversified their natural resource base to include wildlife, veld products, tourism, rangelands, and rural development. (IUCN/FRAME)
File Managing wetlands in arid regions : lessons learned by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:07 AM
At the close of a 15-year regional programme to build institutional capacity for wetland resources management in West Africa,&nbsp;this IUCN report&nbsp;aims to&nbsp;extract and review the lessons learned through this experience. This publication stems from the findings of a study carried out to analyse the experience as a whole and shed light on the successes, shortcomings, strengths and weaknesses of the programme as implemented. The ultimate goal is to organize the knowledge acquired through practice in such as way as to provide a practical methodology and confirmed approach to all those who wish to understand the issues involved in wetland conservation and development and to actively seek solutions. <BR><BR>
File Case Studies on Successful Southern African NRM Initiatives and Their Impacts on Poverty and Governance: South Africa by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 22, 2013 02:30 PM
The focus of this paper is on the analysis of two South African natural resource management case studies that could demonstrate real or potential linkages between NRM and the South African UNCCD National Action Plan (NAP). This is done within the context of NRM programs and projects emerging since the installation of the first democratic government in 1994. Given the historical distortions of the past, rural poverty and land degradation is concentrated in former ‘homeland’ areas, mainly under communal tenure (Hoffman and Ashwell 2001). This report thus focuses on community based NRM (CBNRM) in the broad sense, and also allude to broader NRM projects such as the Working for Water Initiative. IUCN/FRAME
File Promoting Integrated Community-Based Natural Resource Management as a Means to Combat Desertification: Namibia by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:41 AM
This IUCN/FRAME case study evaluates the Living in a Finite Environment (LIFE) Project and the #Khoadi //Hoas and Nyae Nyae Conservancies in Namibia. The USAID-funded LIFE project has been supporting Namibia’s community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) program since 1993. As part of this support, it has directly and indirectly assisted two community-based organizations—the #Khoadi //Hoas and Nyae Nyae Conservancies. This report considers how the LIFE Project support to these conservancies has contributed to the aims of Namibia’s Programme to Combat Desertification (NAPCOD) and to implementation in Namibia of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). Overviews of desertification in Namibia, NAPCOD, and the LIFE Project are provided, followed by the results of CBNRM activities in the conservancies considered in more detail.
File Case Studies on Successful Southern African NRM Initiatives and Their Impacts on Poverty and Governance: Zimbabwe - Masoka and Gairezi by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:41 AM
This report by IUCN/FRAME evaluates the CAMPFIRE initiative in Zimbabwe and its impacts on governance and poverty. CAMPFIRE was designed by the then Department of National Parks & Wild Life Management (DNPWLM, now the Parks & Wildlife Management Authority, PWMA) in the mid 1980s (Martin 1986). It is a long-term programmatic approach to rural development that uses wildlife and other natural resources as a mechanism for promoting devolved rural institutions and improved governance and livelihoods (Child et al 2003).
File Southern African NRM Initiatives and Their Impact on Poverty and Governance: Malawi by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:41 AM
This IUCN/FRAME report evaluates community based natural resource management in Malawi using the case of Bwanje Environmental Rural Development Organization (BERDO) in Ntcheu District, Malawi and Kam'mwamba Sustainable Management of Indigenous Forests (SMIF) Project in Mwanza/Neno Districts.
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