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Gender Responsive Land Tenure Development

by Carmen Tedesco last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:40 AM
Contributors: Nicole Göler von Ravensburg, Ingrid Jacobsen

This publication is predominantly aimed at staff in development cooperation and in partner countries, decision makers in and politicians involved with development cooperation. It outlines the land tenure situation women find themselves in world-wide and the challenge development cooperation faces in wishing to narrow the gaps between gender imbalances in land tenure and internationally declared aims for gender equality (chapter 2). The specific role of and possibilities for development cooperation in improving the gender-effectivity of land tenure policy and law forms one main part of the paper (chapter 3), possibilities and methods to better accommodate gender specific intentions in programs and projects and to avoid inadvertently favoring either sex, excluding certain groups from benefits or even depriving them of previous economic, social, legal or political options the other main part (chapter 4) of the paper. Gender responsive land tenure development means mainstreaming gender considerations in all fields in which development cooperation is active and which have direct or indirect influence on the gender balance of access to, control over and benefits from land. It thus represents a cross-sectional task at macro, meso and micro level. Support to the required structural change can be rendered by way of policy dialogue, policy and country analyses, land related strategy development as well as sector and regional program assistance (e.g. agrarian reforms, public expenditure reform, economic liberalization, environmental protection, education etc.). Also, development cooperation can offer structural and procedural input into economic, agricultural and social programs, into institution strengthening and capacity building, into the cooperation with non-governmental organizations as well as private and public contractors (e.g. consultants) etc. The land tenure situation and in particular its cultural, legal, social and economic roots and consequences being so different in different countries, gender-responsive land tenure development, too, should be approached through participatory processes, the definition of locally appropriate gender-specific indicators and effective institutionalization of monitoring and evaluation. In order to render institutional change effective and lasting major emphasis must be placed on gender training of staff in development cooperation, partner organizations as well as in the civil service of the countries concerned, improved involvement of female staff as well as utmost attention to possible conflicts arising from the (socio-politically, -economically or -ecologically motivated) need to strengthen women’s position on the one and that of traditional norms and values on the other hand.

Author(s): Nicole Göler von Ravensburg , Ingrid Jacobsen

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