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Decentralization (including Participatory Development Planning)

by webadmin last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:58 AM
This folder contains materials on participatory planning and decision-making including community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) and issues related to decentralization.
File Maps of Indigenous Territories Reveal Correlation Between Native Lands and Standing Forests by Stanzin Tonyot — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:58 AM
Reprint: distributed through Eco-Exchange Newsletter of the Rainforest Alliance (April-May 2003). The project information is available through the Eco-Index {} Keywords: Maps, Indigenous Territories, Native Lands, Standing Forests, Resource Use, Ethnocartography
File Decisions for the Earth: Balance, Voice and Power by Stanzin Tonyot — last modified Feb 05, 2013 01:56 AM
This is the "World Resources 2002-2004 Report Summary" [Carol Rosen, Editor-in-Chief], produced by UNDP, UNEP, World Bank, and WRI, and published by WRI. The report examines questions about how we make environmental decisions and who makes them—the process we call environmental governance. The Report explore how citizens, government managers, and business owners can foster better environmental decisions— decisions that meet the needs of both ecosystems and people with equity and balance. WRI has distributed this report through its website at {}
File WRI Publication: Waiting for Democracy by Stanzin Tonyot — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:59 AM
Report from the World Resources Institute's Decentralization Research Program by Jesse Ribot entitled: "Waiting for Democracy: The Politics of Choice in Natural Resource Decentralization." The report examines several developing nations' claim to be undertaking some form of decentralization involving natural resource management. Case countries presented in this report include Bolivia, Brazil, Cameroon, China, India, Indonesia, Mali, Mexico, Mongolia, Nicaragua, Senegal, South Africa, Thailand, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. The report assesses the degree to which proclaimed decentralizations involving natural resources are being established in law and in practice; evaluates how these decentralization reforms affect social and environmental outcomes; and recommends ways that these reforms could be designed and implemented to improve their social and environmental outcomes. The document has been obtained from the WRI website at {}
File WRI Publication: Democratic Decentralization of Natural Resources - Institutionalizing Popular Participation by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:59 AM
WRI Publication "Democratic Decentralization of Natural Resources -Institutionalizing Popular Participation" written by Jesse Ribot. In order to increase environmental management efficiency and improve equity and justice for local people, many environmentalists have advocated participatory and community-based natural resource management (CBNRM). Democratic decentralization is a promising means of institutionalizing and scaling up the popular participation that makes CBNRM effective. However, most current “decentralization” reforms are characterized by insufficient transfer of powers to local institutions, under tight central-government oversight. Often, these local institutions do not represent and are not accountable to local communities. Nonetheless, some lessons and recommendations can be derived from the limited decentralization experiments that have taken place in various locations. This publication provides valuable insights into the process and issues surrounding the transformation from CBNMR to democratic decentralization. Original file posted on the World Resources Institute's website at {}
File Gestión Organizativa de las Agrupaciones Sociales del Lugar by Ana Lúcia da Cruz — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:59 AM
B O L F O R Proyecto de Manejo Forestal Sostenible Es una publicación de la Unidad de Forestería Comunitaria Santa Cruz, Octubre, 2002
File Shifting the Power: Decentralization and Biodiversity Conservation by Stanzin Tonyot — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:59 AM
This publication "Shifting the Power: Decentralization and Biodiversity Conservation" was written by Barbara Wyckoff-Baird, Andrea Kaus, Catherine A. Christen, and Margaret Keck, and produced by the Biodiversity Support Program (BSP)in 2000. It examines the links between decentralization and conservation and presents several case studies. The study examines the experiences of governments, local communities, and conservation organizations in negotiating new relationships when decentralization has changed the political context for environmental management. The authors examined these experiences through a focus on the institutional arrangements created, the balances of power among stakeholders, and the capacities of institutions to undertake their newly defined roles and responsibilities.
File Analysis of Stakeholder Power and Community Involvement in Forest Management by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 11, 2013 02:04 PM
This 2002 IUCN publication (154 pg) "Analysis of Stakeholder Power and Community Involvement in Forest Management" by Edmund Barrow, Jeanette Clarke, Isla Grundy, Kamugisha-Ruhombe Jones and Yemeserach Tessema is one of four publications which review various aspects of Community Involvement in Forest Management in Eastern and Southern Africa. This review explores forest conservation from the perspective of rural people and other key stakeholders. A loose focus is placed on natural or indigenous trees. The purpose is to identify and understand the key issues relating to power, and the responsible involvement of communities in forest management, in order to learn lessons, and inform and influence policy. This helps explore the opportunities as to how forest options can contribute to the reduction of poverty, and identify areas needing further research. Combining a focus on securing livelihoods with community negotiating and decision making processes enables us to analyse inter- and intra-community power structures an relations at a community level. Keywords: Stakeholder Power, Community Involvement, Forest Management, Eastern and Southern Africa, Participation
File Avances y Perspectivas para la Investigacion Forestal en Bolivia by Ana Lúcia da Cruz — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:59 AM
PROGRAMA Y RESÚMENES Primera Reunión Nacional sobre Investigación Forestal Avances y Perspectivas para la Investigación Forestal en Bolivia 25 – 27 de Junio, 2002 Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia
File Though all things differ - Pluralism as a basis for cooperation in forests by Stanzin Tonyot — last modified Jan 31, 2013 10:23 PM
An introductory “primer” on pluralism (the possibilities for developing cooperation among different groups in the forest sector) by Eva Wollenberg, Jon Anderson and Citlalli López; published in 2005 by CIFOR. This guide is about how to meet the needs of different groups in forests, especially where they conflict. As the world’s forests continue to decline in area and quality, clashes are rising. Loggers, miners, farmers, plantation managers, hunters, trekkers, conservationists, scientists, educators, indigenous people, mushroom collectors, water bottlers and global carbon traders all want their share of the forest. These different groups often have their own rules, agencies and authorities for making decisions, or bring different types of knowledge, perceptions and skills to how they use the forest.
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