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COMMUNITY-BASED NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND WATERSHED RESOURCE CONFLICTS: A CASE STUDY FROM NAM NGUM, LAO PDR

by Jean Brennan last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:49 AM
Contributors: Jean Brennan
In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, any copyrighted material herein is distributed without profit or payment for non-profit research and educational purposes only. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, any copyrighted material herein is distributed without profit or payment for non-profit research and educational purposes only.

INTRODUCTION Alternative approaches to resolving intensified resource use conflicts can be examined through a basic diagnostic approach that works backwards and forwards from the points of conflict. Working backwards usually involves seeing conflict as an outcome of resource competition among different actors, either similar actors each of whom places more pressure over a resource to which all lay claim, or different types of actors making a combination of direct and indirect claims on a resource for various uses. The next stage back is thus to examine resource competition in terms of intensified or changed use of a particular resource. This ultimately necessitates examining a starting point of existing resource use patterns by different actors in a particular context, and the forces for change that lead to pressure. Thus, resource use, intensification/change, competition, conflict are examined in sequence. The stage forward from such an examination is to examine cooperative solutions as alternative means of resolving conflicts, and this implies a combination of bio-physical and social analysis of the resource conflict in question.

Author(s): Jean Brennan

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