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Final programmatic environmental assessment: Sustainable forestry program for Papua New Guinea, the Soloman Islands, and Vanuatu

by Portal Web Editor last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:10 AM
Contributors: Senn, R., L. Ford, J. Grant, D. Schumann, T. Thake

In Melanesia, commercial logging has decimated large expanses of forest at the expense of communities that have traditionally depended on forest products. In 1991, the Foundation for the Peoples of the South Pacific (FSP) initiated a program for sustainable community forestry that entailed the use of reduced impact logging methods and small-scale, portable saw mills. The programmatic environmental assessment (PEA) of the program was conducted according to USAID requirements. The PEA analyzed two alternatives: implementation and no implementation of the program. The assessment addressed soil and water resources, forest vegetation, flora and fauna biological diversity, socio-economics, training and extension services, and wood production and marketing. The PEA found that there would be no significant environmental impacts associated with the planned sustainable forestry program as long as safeguards and tree planting mitigation measures were followed and monitoring was conducted diligently. A course of no action would result in many environmental impacts, since industrial logging would then continue unchecked. The authors recommend the following to improve project performance: Harvest planning and designation of conservation zones; Expanding FSP programs by increasing the number of sawmills included and by improving sustainable forestry prescriptions; Training and extension; Land use planning, Market studies to determine means of increasing the profitability of forestry;Increased research of logging impacts on forests,Monitoring and evaluation.

Author(s): Senn, R. , L. Ford , J. Grant , D. Schumann , T. Thake

Publication Date: 1993

Location: Papua New Guinea, the Soloman Islands, and Vanuatu

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