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Forest management by Nepali communities

by Portal Web Editor last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:10 AM
Contributors: New ERA

This case study was funded by USAID/Nepal to identify factors affecting the success of community forest users' groups (CFUGs) through interviews with men and women in Salyan, Dang, Pyuthan and Banke districts of Nepal. In 1978 the Nepalese government reversed the centralized national forest policy and entrusted management to the Panchayat (communities) for: Panchayat Forests: degraded forests, reforestation paid by the government, communities receive all income from forest product sales;Panchayat Protected Forests: natural forests, 500 ha maximum, villages receive 75% of income from forest product sales. Nepal's Master Plan for the Forestry Sector (1988) reduced the administrative unit from the whole community level to CFUGs, defined as local community of forest users who have traditional rights over resources. Community forest boundaries were identified as the most common cause of conflict. The case study identified factors contributing to the success of CFUG management as: Strong unity; Sense of community ownership;Collective responsibility; Community's perceived need for the forest; Adherence to community forestry rules and regulations.

Author(s): New ERA

Publication Date: 1997

Location: Nepal

Download File from Portal: Nepal New ERA.pdf — PDF document, 412 kB (422,844 bytes)

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