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Mid-term review of LIFE-II and assessment of the Namibia National CBNRM Programme. Final Report

by Portal Web Editor last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:11 AM
Contributors: Brian Child, Kara Page, George Taylor, Bob Winterbottom, Paul Bartel, Curt Grimm

This report is an assessment of the USAID/Namibia's Living in a Finite Environment (LIFE)-Phase II program, which includes the Namibia National CBNRM Programme. The review team finds that investments in CBNRM have been highly worthwhile and effective. Some of the successes include: Development of sufficient policy reforms to empower communities economically and organizationally; The resource base, especially wildlife populations, has recovered dramatically, providing a base for financially viable conservancies; Communities have recognized the potential value of conservancies. The report estimates a potential doubling in average per capita income for 60,000 rural Namibians if careful investment and management of wildlife tourism in conservancy areas is developed; Local communities have mobilized as conservancies and organized themselves to monitor natural resources. As of 2001, 14 communities are registered as conservancies, covering over 3.9 million ha, 9 are well underway, and work has been initiated on 11 applications; With support from the Namibian Ministry of Environment and Tourism and other NGOs, conservancies have begun to benefit directly from game hunting and other community-based tourism enterprises; An in-depth knowledge about CBNRM has been developed and institutionalized. However, the report acknowledges that longer-term success will depend on additional investments. The following are strategic recommendations aimed at further development of sustainable conservancies: Develop a program-wide emphasis on strengthening conservancies as participatory democracies through sound, accountable, transparent and equitable village-level institutions; Set plans for each conservancy to achieve financial sustainability; Simplify the conservancy planning process, with an emphasis on improving livelihoods; Implement comprehensive but simple performance and compliance monitoring systems; Support the emergence of conservancy associations as the program's lead agency and primary mechanism of advocacy.

Author(s): Brian Child , Kara Page , George Taylor , Bob Winterbottom , Paul Bartel , Curt Grimm

Publication Date: 2001

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