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Modelo alternativo de produccion-conservacion en equilibrio para el area protegida de Miraflor del municipio de Esteli, Nicaragua

by Portal Web Editor last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:10 AM
Contributors: Racquel Lopez Alonso

When the government of Nicaragua established the Reserva Natural de Miraflor, it imposed restrictions on agricultural methods used by communities and offered no alternative forms of subsistence. The objective of this study was to create an alternative model for the development of the area that would include agriculture, economic benefits and conservation, thus improving the potential for the reserve to coexist with communities. To begin, leaders from twelve Miraflor communities participated in workshops, field trips and group activities, which increased their awareness of socioeconomic and productivity conditions. The leaders responded by developing a network, Red de Promotores Ambientales de Miraflor, which has greatly increased popular support for sustainable development and conservation in the area. During a year of work on this project, community members participated in self-diagnoses of problems that related to development in Miraflor, they prioritized needs and they have been party to the administration and evaluation of project initiatives. Due to these efforts, 32 farm owners have built terraces for farming and live barrier trees to prevent terrace erosion, and 4 plant nurseries have been initiated. Successes have included road repairs, improved education, increased potable water, environmental projects with community participation, increased support from NGOs, formation of a regional committee, and the development of indicators to detect advancement in the alternative model project. The report emphasizes that Miraflor is not yet sustainable, however, because standards of sustainable rural development are not met. These include basic conditions for workers such as water, food, shelter, and psychological and spiritual accommodations to maintain healthy families and communities. Recommended steps for projects such as these include:Heavily involve the local communities; Identify immediate needs; Begin changes by improving existing practices; Have communities conduct biological surveys determine areas that should be conserved.

Author(s): Racquel Lopez Alonso

Publication Date: 2000

Location: Nicaragua

Download File from Portal: PNACK145 Nicaragua.pdf — PDF document, 117 kB (120,232 bytes)

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