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CBNFM Europe and Eurasia

by Rose Hessmiller last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:11 AM
File Twenty-month evaluation of A.I.D.'s Forest Resources Management II (FRM II) project by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:07 PM
KEYWORD: Community-based Natural Forest Management, World. Community-based Natural Forest Management, Africa. Community-based Natural Forest Management, Asia. Community-based Natural Forest Management, Central America. Community-based Natural Forest Management, EE. Community-based Natural Forest Management, South America. Africa, Asia, Caribbean, Central America, Europe, South America, financing, industrial forestry, sustainable forestry, agroforestry, land use, institutional strengthening, monitoring, training, evaluation. SUMMARY: The Forest Resource Management II (FRM II) project was adopted by USAID in 1990 with the goal of promoting sustainable forest and natural resource use in developing countries. The project focused on sustainable development, especially with the use of trees in the public and private sector, and strengthening institutional capacities in tropical and subtropical developing countries. This 20-month evaluation of the project addressed the roles and accomplishments of the Forestry Support Program, the Peace Corps, and the Interamerican Management Consulting Corporation in FRM. Highlights and 160 recommendations are given in the report. The authors found the project to be largely successful, although the initiative for private enterprise had mixed results. They suggest that the projects should remain flexible to adjust to changes that are occurring in the support organizations such as USAID, while at the same time maintaining continuity in its work. The project could be expanded, with the assistance from the Peace Corps. New locations could be included such as Eastern Europe. The 160 detailed recommendations may be categorized into five areas of concern: Project redesign: assumptions, goals, project activities and relevancy should be evaluated and updated; Project financing: approved buy-ins were found to be inappropriate, and budgets should be modified to reflect proposed project expansions; Development of mechanisms to ensure partnership and trust; Expansion of private sector initiative: develop an action forum for forest production and protection; Increased monitoring of project impacts.
File Gender and participation in natural resources, baseline survey by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:07 PM
KEYWORD: Community-based Natural Forest Management, EE. Albania, Europe, farm forestry, marketing, conservation, communication, community participation, gender, planning document, project report. SUMMARY: Gender analysis provides information that enables community leaders and project staff to adjust to changes in conditions and respond to new problems more effectively by identifying problems and opportunities, developing new approaches that are socially acceptable, and tracking access and impact of activities among various social subgroups. This study sought to document gender roles in natural resource management in Albania and to identify ways that the Albanian Private Forestry Development Program (APFDP) could increase women's participation in projects. In addition, baseline data of participation was documented for future comparisons. It is generally recognized that men have more leisure time and less work than women in Albania. It is clear that women play an important role at the interface of agriculture and natural resource management in most communities. The major constraint on women's participation in APFDP activities is their heavy labor burden and the limited time they have available. Collaborative activities with projects that have the goal of reducing women's labor burden could help give women time to address and participate in protecting forests and pastures. Women are also isolated from each other. A recent Land O Lakes project to improve dairy quality has been successful due in part to the opportunities it provided for women to interact. Many people were aware of problems in their communities that limit them from improving their lifestyles, such as the need for non-agricultural work or for a community health center, but they feel that they can do nothing to solve these problems. Providing training to women, leaders and other interested parties on organizing interest groups would greatly improve the integration of women and social subgroups in conservation and improvement projects.
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