Skip to content. | Skip to navigation


Nested Approaches to REDD+ An Overview of Issues and Options Featured May 4, 2011

by Portal Web Editor last modified Jul 30, 2014 07:50 PM
Contributors: Thiago Chagas,, Charlotte Streck,, Robert O‘Sullivan,, Jacob Olander,, Joerg Seifert-Granzin
Forest Trends Climate Focus USAID
Interest in “nested” approaches to REDD+ has grown steadily as policy makers, practitioners and investors seek to reconcile approaches to reducing, and rewarding, emissions reductions at different scales – national, subnational and project. The 16th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in Cancun marked the UNFCCC’s formal acknowledgement of subnational approaches to REDD+ accounting and monitoring. National “readiness” processes for REDD+ in many countries explicitly seek to incorporate nested projects or demonstration activities, as do state or provincial mechanisms under the Governors´ Task Force on Climate and Forests.
For developing country policymakers, putting nesting into practice represents a series of complex decisions at a time when policy and market conditions are still very much in flux.  While many countries and international institutions recognize the relevance of nested approaches, relatively little progress has been made in establishing regulatory and accounting systems that explicitly support nesting.
This report, Nested Approaches to REDD+: An Overview of Issues and Options, targeted to parties engaged in on-the-ground decisions about how to address REDD+, discusses the main issues and options that need to be considered in developing nested frameworks for harmonizing emission reductions at the jurisdictional and project scales. The report focuses on mechanisms for recognition of project-level activities within national or subnational programs as a means to mobilize private investment and non-governmental action on REDD+.   This report draws on input from  an international workshop on Nested Approaches to REDD+ convened in Miami by Forest Trends in March 2011, with participants from a dozen countries.  (This Workshop was co-funded by USAID/EGAT/TransLinks, Gordon & Betty Moore Foundation, Norad, and the Forum on Readiness for REDD.)
Country presentations included Ghana, Ethiopia, Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru, plus sub-national presentations from the State of Amazonas in Brazil and the Governor’s Task Force on Climate and Forests (GCF).   Other countries represented at the workshop included Indonesia, DRCongo, & Uganda.  Experts and donors included Forest Trends, Climate Focus, Carbon Decisions, Baker McKenzie, WWF, Conservation International, IPAM, World Bank, USAID, Gordon & Betty Moore Foundation, Skoll Foundation, and others.
For further info contact:
Jacob Olander, Forest Trends,
Slayde Hawkins, Forest Trends,
Michael Colby, USAID,
Back to Top