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Land Tenure and Property Rights Training

by Portal Web Editor last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:45 AM
A List of Training Categories by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:46 AM
List of Training Categories
Add Content to Training Here by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jul 06, 2013 05:05 PM
A portal librarian will review your content and categorization, and if appropriate, will publish to Training within 24 hours. Current Training Collections: Training: Elementary Education, Training: EGAT / NRM Officer, Training: Forestry Seminars, Training: Wildlands and Protected Areas, Training: Social Development, Training: Energy Tutorials, Training: Coastal Management, Training: Water and Watershed, Training, Training: Sustainable Tourism, Training: Wildlife Conservation, Training: Poverty Reduction Seminars, Training: Land Tenure and Property Rights, Training: Economic Growth, Training: Governance & Accountability, Training: Environmental Education, Training: ENRM&D and Fellowship Opportunities, Training: Conflict Management, Training: Humanitarian Assistance, Training: Biodiversity and Climate Change, Training: New Member Orientation
File An Assessment of Property Rights in Kosovo by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:44 AM
This report assesses how property rights are currently influencing conflict, investment, agriculture, and municipal governance in Kosovo. The report also identifies possible areas where USAID/Kosovo might provide technical assistance to draft laws, strengthen institutions, and/or resolve conflicts which will enhance household property security and business investment, improve economic growth, and lead to more effective local governance.
File Biodiversity Conservation And Forestry 2009 Annual Report pdf by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 11, 2013 03:31 PM
Biodiversity conservation and sustainable forestry are vital for the prosperity and security of all nations. This report provides USAID’s partners and the public with a summary of the Agency’approaches, activities, and results.
File CBFM participant community selection strategy by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:07 PM
KEYWORD: Community-based Natural Forest Management, Asia. Asia, Philippines, biodiversity, conservation, decentralization, institutional strengthening, land tenure, property rights, training, communication, community participation, education, indigenous land, planning document, project report. SUMMARY: This document provides strategic recommendations for efforts to engage communities in community-based forest management (CBFM) under the Philippines Department of Environment and Natural Resource (DENR) Natural Resources Management Program Phase II (NRMP-II). It details an overall strategic plan for enhancing the self-selection and participation of communities in CBFM. As DENR gains experience in the CBFM implementation, the strategic plan may be adopted to increase the opportunities for communities in and near the forestlands to opt (self-select) to become active in managing, protecting, rehabilitating, conserving, and utilizing forest resources. Specific recommendations for NRMP-II implementation include the following: Address problems in open access forestlands; Democratize access to the nation's natural resources; Recognize the rights and claims of indigenous peoples; Develop up-date maps of forestlands resources and assure their dissemination to local governments; Design and implement educational campaigns at the community, provincial, regional and national levels; Develop and disseminate criteria that can be used to assess the validity and acceptability of the self-selection responses of communities; Strengthen DENR's and local governments' capacities to respond to communities' self-selection initiatives.
File Enrichment planting with native species to increase the economic value of selectively-logged rain forest. by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:07 PM
KEYWORD: Community-based Natural Forest Management, Asia. Asia, Indonesia, community forestry, logging, non-timber forest products, sustainable forestry, biodiversity, buffer zone, conservation, land tenure, property rights, training, community participation, customary rules, education, planning document, project report. SUMMARY: Indonesia is faced with the need to sustainably harvest forests to support communities while maintaining forest diversity and integrity. This report focuses on the ecological and economic aspects of alternative forest management in Indonesia, particularly in West Kalimantan. In this region, people clear land to stake claim on the parcel. The motivation to do this stems from the fear that the government will claim it for another use, such as an oil palm plantation, if it is not already in use. Commercial logging is also a significant cause of deforestation. Shifting cultivation causes relatively little deforestation in comparison. Local people need economic return in order to continue to practice sustainable management. Buffer zones around forest preserves provide an example: if the zones are not large enough to provide economically and ecologically sustainable products, then people tend to exploit them by choosing to liquidate the valuable but less sustainable products within them. It may be possible to log these areas with low-impact methods in order to increase their value to communities and therefore increase the chances that people will manage them well. In addition, the long-term value of these areas could be further increased if they were planted with economically valuable tree species in areas that are disturbed during logging extraction. Species growth traits are described, which reveals that some may be good candidates for this type of work. In order to succeed, increased training of Indonesian participants, professionals and academics is highly recommended. Institutions such as universities and herbariums should be boosted as well, and collaborations with regional institutions should continue. Attention should be given to the diversity of local communities and their practices to avoid making oversimplifications about their culture and current capabilities. Dissemination of project results should continue locally and abroad.
File Forest garden program through total ecosystem mangement for Sri Lanka and the Philippines by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:07 PM
KEYWORD: Community-based Natural Forest Management, Asia. Asia, Sri Lanka, agricultural diversification, cash crops, farm forestry, marketing, agroforestry, biodiversity, certification, extension, land tenure, training, communication, community participation, evaluation, project report. SUMMARY: The Forest Garden Program through Total Ecosystem Management was a five-year program, ending in 9/2002, funded by a matching grant from Counterpart International and USAID. The overall goal was to improve the quality of life for rural people, and to restore biodiversity in rural areas. This report was written after one year had been completed. It gives an overview of progress, numerous details regarding project implementation, site locations, plant species used, plant and wildlife species found at project sites and future tasks. The project employed a Total Ecosystem Management technique called Analog Forest Gardening. This planting technique aims at creating a garden dominated by trees with a physical structure that is analogous to a forest. Many species found in the original forest can continue to live in the garden habitat, while cash crops are also cultivated and extracted. Despite shortfalls in funding, the project achieved many successes in its first year due to motivated volunteers. Strong ties were established in the community, a gardening certification system was developed, and families that established gardens were connected with purchasers. Many rural family incomes increased after introduction of programs such as vegetable cultivation, seed collection and nursery development. The authors cautioned against letting the volunteers over-commit to too many aspects of the project, for fear that quality of individual programs might suffer and detract from the project's overall reputation and effectiveness. At the first year, information management needed to be improved and was seen as the key to success of this project. Land tenure emerged as a priority concern, as did the need to include communities in planning and formulation/reformulation of policies. There was also a need for technical information regarding crop production. Convincing people to grow food organically was also a challenge, since the use of pesticides and fertilizers was considered fundamental in local agricultural practices.
File IEC completion report, forest resource management component, USAID Natural Resources Management Program by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:08 PM
KEYWORD: Community-based Natural Forest Management, Asia. Asia, Philippines, extension, institutional collaboration, institutions, land tenure, training, communication, community based natural resource management, community participation, environmental education, project report. SUMMARY: This final project report describes the progress of IEC, the environmental education and communication component of the USAID NRMP program for the Philippines. IEC made great progress in establishing trust and credibility within local institutions and communities, especially given the history of many previous donors that made promises but did not deliver results. IEC also responded successfully to a 1993 report that identified specific problems within the organization, such as lack of relationships with local contractors and NGO's, low community participation and weak management. In its effort to respond to the 1993 report, IEC focused on the concept of achieving a critical mass of participation in the community. This term refers to the threshold at which community members begin to replicate a project spontaneously due to understanding and an eased sense of risk about trying the new land management style. Lack of clarity in the strategy, goals and governmental support, lack of cooperation from the DENR field staff, and risk-aversion of the potential participants have hindered the progress of IEC. In particular, land tenure issues trigger risk aversion in the community members, which makes them resist making a commitment to managing their land in new ways. The authors recommend the following to build upon IEC successes: Reinforce field capacities by hiring more individuals and networking with other agencies and institutions; Focus on problems and crises that are specific to target communities; Transform from the command and control bureaucracy to a development-focused technical assistance agency; Develop exit strategies so that local people will be trained and able to continue project work after the organization has moved to another community.
Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR) Training by Portal Web Editor — last modified Aug 31, 2013 09:05 PM
Resources related to land tenure and property rights training sessions.
File Mbomipa Project Idodi and Pawaga Divisions Iringa Region, Tanzania and Selous Conservation Program Songea and Morogoro Districts Ruvuma and Morogoro Regions, Tanzania - Appendix 1 by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:08 PM
KEYWORD: Community-based Natural Forest Management, Africa. Africa, Tanzania, business management, ecotourism, income generation, market value, hunting, protected areas, wildlife, co-management, institutions, property rights, training, community based natural resource management, case study, evaluation. SUMMARY: Both the Mbomipa Project and the Selous Conservation Program (SCP) involve community management and sustainable use of wildlife resources in and around game reserves, and have won widespread acclaim for their management of natural resources. This report cautions against calling Mbomipa and SCP successes as they continue to evolve, but recognizes that they represent positive efforts at devolving proprietorship of wildlife to communities and linking wildlife conservation benefits for these communities. The report lists the constraints and opportunities to effective community based conservation under five main headings: Institutional: Community institutions have evolved into effective organizations, motivated by ownership of valuable resources. However, the tenurial framework for integrated common property regimes does not yet exist and current wildlife legislation does not support the devolution of community wildlife management areas (WMAs). There is also confusion between the different sectors of statutory governance over the jurisdiction of resource access as there is a lack of clear rights and responsibilities at all levels (village, ward, district, and national). Human Resources: Villagers lack the capacity to negotiate with the private sector over their operations in the WMAs, and require assistance to develop negotiation skills, and the ability to develop leases and joint agreements. Political: The transaction costs of managing community property are recognized as very high, as the government continues to practice top down planning and implementation approaches. In addition, there is a multiplicity of strategic planning frameworks addressing the same issue due to uncoordinated donor activities and priorities. Economic: There are very limited benefits from WMAs to affected communities, and the process of allocating market values to wildlife has led to distorted values for the resource base. The report calls for fuller economic analyses of the different non-consumptive resource options to determine appropriate market values and to reduce distortions in pricing signals. Environment: Encroachment of wildlife into agricultural areas is a major issue. A simple monitoring system to measure changes in illegal wildlife activity, animal abundance and rangeland condition is suggested as a potential solution to managing this problem.
File Mid-term evaluation of the Shared Control of Natural Resources Sub-Project, Sri Lanka by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:07 PM
KEYWORD: Community-based Natural Forest Management, Asia. Asia, Sri Lanka, income generation, sustainable agriculture, agroforestry, conservation, land use, watershed, extension, institutional strengthening, land tenure, training, community participation, evaluation. SUMMARY: The Shared Control of Natural Resources (SCOR) Sub-Project of the Natural Resources and Environmental Policy Project is an approach to improving productivity in rural Sri Lanka by linking conservation to new tenure rights on agricultural and forest lands. SCOR's purpose is to increase shared control of land and water resources in watersheds through state-user partnerships that contribute to intensified and sustainable agricultural production. The SCOR project helps local groups form new land-use planning organizations and provides these groups with technical and financial assistance to implement improved farming and water management activities. Villagers plan their future land use at a micro-watershed level and work with SCOR to gain access to new leases of government land for farming or agroforestry. This assessment of SCOR's efforts in the two pilot watersheds indicates that project accomplishments have met or exceeded targets set by USAID. SCOR has helped form 165 resource user groups made up of 2,600 farmers, and has demonstrated a significant impact on natural resource conservation practices, rural income generation and the democratization of resource use planning in Sri Lanka. Some of the recommendations listed by the report include: The need to subject conservation techniques introduced by the project to rigorous benefit-cost analysis;and USAID should seek ways for the user groups to benefit from USAID's ongoing projects in agricultural marketing and business development; SCOR research should focus on documenting its successes, the new resource management models, and the relationships between land tenure, adoption of conservation practices and productivity; Increase training for District and Provincial government officers to ensure that SCOR planning methods and conservation techniques are transferred to the local population; SCOR should assist local governments and NGOs to replicate a minimum-cost package of land-use planning, conservation practices and land tenure.
Portal Training by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:47 AM
File The case of Duru-Haitemba community-based forest management project in Babati District, Arusha Region, Tanzania by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:07 PM
KEYWORD: Community-based Natural Forest Management, Africa. Africa, Tanzania, community forestry, income distribution, logging, degraded lands, institutions, land tenure, policy, property rights, training, communication, equity, gender, case study, lessons learned. SUMMARY: This report assesses the progress made by the first community-based forest management (CBFM) regime in Tanzania, in the Duru-Haitemba forests (DHF) in Babati District, Arusha Region. The DHF is one of the few remaining miombo woodlands in the Babati District, a series of linked ridges of high woodland characterized by open canopy trees of medium height, and interspersed with grassland. By 1995, all 9,000ha of the DHF was under the management of eight registered villages.The CBFM process coincided with significant changes in Tanzania's land policy for the devolution of tenure and resource rights to local levels. The Land Policy (1995), the Land Act (1999) and the Village Land Act (1999) recognized customary land rights as equivalent to more formal based tenure systems and provided mechanisms through which villages may earmark areas for forest management and manage the land as a cooperative. The villages, through their respective village governments (VFG), are the institutional managers of the DHF.Among the many problems listed by the authors as major constraints to the CBFM program in DHF, the following were most pressing: Confusion in jurisdiction over resource access and weak coordination among the different sectors of statutory governance, leading to interagency friction; Poor flow of information among programs, district and villages; Over extended and inadequately trained district experts; Community efforts are frequently undermined by attacks on their capability by doubtful District officials, foresters and academics; VFG, tiring of voluntary work, are becoming less efficient and even guilty of illegal harvesting; Women are left out of CBFM benefits as traditionally, women do not own land or cannot claim rights to trees; Issues of financial accountability and transparency in money matters; Low use-value of the forest and illegal harvesting; Considerable land demand/shortage.
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